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biomes in the news

Experts grow coral reef in London 

BBC News - 22 minutes ago
Marine specialists from London Zoo are growing a massive coral reef for an £85m aquarium in the East End.

A `Kebun' in Cornwall 
RedNova - Oct 08 9:08 PM
By P. Sharmini On March 7, the British Council launched its ZeroCarbonCity Campaign to create awareness of global climate change.

Around our schools 
The Arizona Republic - Oct 05 4:51 AM
Washington Elementary schools for Around Our Schools.

Merry Lea hosts new master’s program 
Goshen College Record - Oct 05 2:45 AM
The recruitment for students looking to gain a Master of Arts in environmental education has begun now that the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools has officially accredited Goshen College for the new program as of Sept. 11.




- biome

- biomes

In ecology, a biome is a major regional group of distinctive plant and animal communities best adapted to the region's physical natural biome environment, latitude, altitude, and terrain. A biome is made biomed up of communities at stable steady state and all associated transitional, disturbed, or degraded, vegetation, fauna and bomes soils, but can often be identified by the climax vegetation type.

A fundamental classification of bioms biomes is into:

  1. Terrestrial (or continental) biomas biomes and
  2. Aquatic biomes.

Biomes are often given local names. For example, a boimes Temperate grassland or shrubland biome is known commonly biones as steppe in central Asia, savanna or veld in southern Africa, prairie in North America, pampa in South America and outback or biomes scrub in Australia. Sometimes biome an entire biome may be targeted for protection, especially under an individual nation's Biodiversity Action Plan.


  • 1 Latitude desert biome classification
    • 1.1 Arctic or subarctic area
    • 1.2 Subarctic and boreal area
    • 1.3 Temperate desert biomes cold
    • 1.4 Tropical
    • 1.5 Aquatic
  • 2 Altitude tropical rainforest biome and latitude classification
  • 3 Other taiga biome biomes
  • 4 See also
  • 5 External marine biome link

Latitude classification

Latitude is a major climate-influencing factor tropical rain forest biome determining biomes. There is a good correlation between the distribution of climates with aquatic biome latitude, and homogeneous vegetation bands. Another major factor is humidity. This can be illustrated by the fact aquatic biomes that biodiversity increases away from the poles towards the rainforest biome equator, and increases with humidity. The savanna biome most widely used classification of biomes is related to latitude (or temperature zoning) biomes of the world and humidity

Arctic or subarctic area

  • humid type : Tundra

Subarctic and boreal area

  • humid type: freshwater biome taiga or boreal forest

The Boreal Forest is the largest of all biomes. It marine biomes is located in the northern hemishphere just south of the tundra.

Temperate cold

  • humid type : Temperate broadleaf freshwater biomes and mixed forests, Temperate land biomes coniferous forests


  • humid area: tropical moist broadleaf forest (tropical rainforest)
  • semi-humid area: tropical tropical dry forest biome dry broadleaf forest, tropical coniferous forest
  • Semi-arid area: tropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
  • Arid area: deserts and xeric shrublands; and Dry ocean biomes deciduous forests


  • continental shelf
  • littoral/intertidal zone
  • riparian
  • pond
  • coral reef
  • kelp forest
  • pack ice
  • hydrothermal vents
  • cold seeps
  • benthic zone
  • pelagic zone
  • neritic zone

Altitude and latitude classification

Another system of classification takes into account altitude and humidity, ignoring temperature as a factor. This classification is ocean biome used to define the Global 200 list of ecoregions identified by the biome map World Wildlife Fund (WWF) as priorities for rainforest biomes conservation.

This classification gives the following terrestrial biomes :

  • Tundra (arctic, humid)
  • Boreal forests/taiga (subarctic, humid)
  • Temperate coniferous forests temperate forest biome (temperate cold, humid to semi-humid)
  • Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests (temperate, humid)
  • Temperate grasslands, savannas, and world biomes shrublands (temperate, semi-arid)
  • Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub (temperate warm, semi-humid to semi-arid with winter rain forest biome rainfall)
  • Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests (tropical and subtropical, semi-humid)
  • Tropical and subtropical moist savanna biomes broadleaf forests (tropical and subtropical, humid)
  • Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests chaparral biome (tropical and subtropical, semi-humid)
  • Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands polar biome (tropical and subtropical, semi-arid)
  • Deserts and savannah biome xeric shrublands (temperate to tropical, arid)
  • Mangrove (subtropical and tropical, salt and brackish water inundated)
  • Flooded grasslands and forest biome savannas (temperate to tropical, fresh water inundated)
  • Montane grasslands and shrublands (temperate to tropical, high altitude)

Other biomes

The Endolithic fresh water biomes biome, consisting entirely of microscopic life in rock pores and deciduous forest biome cracks, kilometers beneath the surface, has only recently mountain biomes been discovered and does not fit well into most classification schemes.

See also

  • Ecoregion
  • Ecotope
  • Ecozone
  • Habitat

External link

  • Biomes of desert biome symbiosis the map of world ocean biomes world (Missouri Botanic Garden)
Search Term: "Biome"

- tundra biome