||med/2024 emerg/48 pmr/124
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is traditionally considered a chronic, inflammatory rhumatoid arthritis autoimmune disorder that causes the immune system to attack the joints. rhematoid arthritis It is a disabling and painful inflammatory condition, which can lead to substantial loss of mobility reumatoid arthritis due to pain and joint destruction. RA is a systemic disease, often affecting extra-articular rheumatoid athritis tissues throughout the body including the skin, blood vessels, heart, lungs, and muscles.
The name is rheumatoid arthritus derived from the Greek rheumatos meaning "flowing", the suffix -oid meaning "in the rheumetoid arthritis shape rheumtoid arthritis of", arthr meaning "joint" and the suffix -itis, a "condition involving inflammation".
- 1 Features
- 2 Epidemiology
- 3 Diagnosis
- 3.1 Diagnostic rheumatoid arthitis rheumaoid arthritis criteria
- 3.2 Blood tests
- 4 Pathophysiology
- 4.1 Bacteria/antibiotic rheumatoid arhritis hypothesis
- 5 Treatment
- 5.1 Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
- 5.1.1 Xenobiotics
- 5.1.2 Biological rheumatoi arthritis agents
- 5.2 Anti-inflammatory agents rheumatoidarthritis and analgesics
- 6 Research
- 6.1 Pain relief
- 6.2 Specific desensitization
- 6.3 Other rheumatoid arthrits therapies
- 7 Epidemiology
- 8 Prognosis
- 8.1 Disability
- 8.2 Prognostic rheunatoid arthritis rheumatoid artritis factors
- 8.3 Mortality
- 9 Prevention
- 10 History
- 11 References
- 12 See rheumatoid arthrtis also
- 13 External links
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, inflammatory, multisystem, autoimmune disorder. It commonly affects the joints in a rheumatoid arthritis polyarticular manner. The symptoms that distinguish rheumatoid rheumatoid arthritis symptoms arthritis from other forms of arthritis are inflammation and soft-tissue swelling of many juvenile rheumatoid arthritis joints at the same time (polyarthritis). The joints are rheumatoid arthritis diet usually affected initially asymmetrically and then in a symmetrical fashion as the disease progresses. The pain generally improves with use of common symptoms for rheumatoid arthritis the affected joints, and there is usually stiffness of all joints in early symptoms for rheumatoid arthritis the morning that lasts over 1 hour. Thus, the pain rheumatoid arthritis treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is usually worse in the morning compared to the classic pain of symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis osteoarthritis where the pain worsens over the day as the joints are used.
As the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis pathology progresses the inflammatory activity leads to erosion causes rheumatoid arthritis and destruction of the joint surface, which impairs their rheumatoid arthritis medication range of movement and leads to deformity. The fingers are typically deviated towards the little finger (ulnar deviation) and can assume unnatural shapes. first symptoms rheumatoid arthritis Classical deformities in rheumatoid arthritis are the Boutonniere deformity (Hyperflexion at the proximal interphalangeal joint diet for rheumatoid arthritis with hyperextension at the distal interphalangeal joint), swan neck deformity what is rheumatoid arthritis (Hyperextension at the proximal interphalangeal joint, mild rheumatoid arthritis hyperflexion at the distal interphalangeal joint). The thumb may develop a "Z-Thumb" deformity with fixed flexion and subluxation at rheumatoid arthritis medications the metacarpophalangeal joint, leading to a "squared" appearance in the rheumatoid arthritis pain relief hand.
Extra-articular manifestations also distinguish this disease from osteoarthritis (hence symptoms diagnosis rheumatoid arthritis it is a multisystemic disease). For example, most patients also suffer of anemia, either as a consequence of canine rheumatoid arthritis the disease itself (anaemia of chronic disease) or as a consequence of gastrointestinal hyoid bone rheumatoid arthritis bleeding as a side effect of drugs used in treatment, especially NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) used for analgesia. arthritis cure rheumatoid Splenomegaly may occur with concurrent leukopaenia (Felty's syndrome), and lymphocytic infiltration may affect the diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis salivary and lacrimal glands (Sjögren's syndrome).
Dermatological: Subcutaneous nodules on extensor surfaces, such pain relief for rheumatoid arthritis as the elbows, are often present.
Pulmonary: The lungs may become involved rheumatoid arthritis and pathophysiology as a part of the primary disease process or as rheumatoid arthritis symptom a consequence of therapy. Fibrosis may occur spontaneously or as a consequence of therapy (for example arthritis case rheumatoid study methotrexate). Caplan's nodules are found as are arthritis healing natural rheumatoid pulmonary effusions.
Autoimmune: Vasculitic disorders, resulting in nail fold infarcts, neuropathies and nephropathies.
Renal: Amyloidosis, which can also result rheumatoid arthritis cures in muscular pseudohypertrophy.
Cardiovascular: Pericarditis, endoscarditis, left ventricular failure, valvulitis rheumatoid arthritis hand and fibrosis.
Ocular: Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (dry eyes), episcleritis and scleromalacia, which rheumatoid arthritis pictures can lead to fissure and leaking of eye contents.
Neurological: There can be signs of mononeuritis multiplex symptoms rheumatoid arthritis and atlanto-axial subluxation. The latter is due to erosion of the odontoid black mold rheumatoid arthritis process and or/transverse ligaments in the cervical spine's connection to the skull. Such an erosion (>3mm) can give causes of rheumatoid arthritis rise to vertebrae slipping over one another and compressing the spinal cord. At first the patient hip rheumatoid arthritis experiences clumsiness but without due care this can progress medications for rheumatoid arthritis to quadraplegia.
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs most frequently in the 20-40 age new medication for rheumatoid arthritis group, although can start at any age. It is strongly associated with the HLA rheumatoid arthritis and diet marker DR4 (W4, W14 & W15 rheumatoid arthritis medicine are associated with the disease and W10 & W13 are protective) - hence family rheumatoid arthritis picture history is an important risk factor. The disease is 3 times more common in women than blood test for rheumatoid arthritis men and up to 4 times more common in smokers than non-smokers.
The American College of Rheumatology has defined (1987) the experimental treatments for rheumatoid arthritis following criteria for the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis .
- Morning stiffness of history of rheumatoid arthritis >1 hour.
- Arthritis and soft-tissue swelling of >3 of 14 joints/joint groups
- Arthritis of hand joints
- Symmetric arthritis
- Subcutaneous nodules in specific natural healing for rheumatoid arthritis places
- Rheumatoid factor at a level above the 95th percentile
- Radiological changes suggestive of joint erosion
At least four criteria have to natural healing rheumatoid arthritis be met to establish the natural remedies for rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis, although many patients are treated despite not meeting rheumatoid arthritis cure the criteria. This is because these criteria are relatively insensitive for early disease. They were primarily intended to rheumatoid arthritis signs and symptoms categorise patients, especially for research, rather than to help rheumatologists to reach a diagnosis. For articles about juvenile rheumatoid arthritis example: one of the criteria is the presence of bone erosion on X-Ray. Prevention home remedy for rheumatoid arthritis of bone erosion is one of the main aims of treatment because it is generally irreversible. To mild rheumatoid arthritis pregnancy wait until all of the ACR criteria rheumatoid arthritis alpha lipoic acid for rheumatoid arthritis are met is therefore likely to result in a worse outcome rheumatoid arthritis exercise videos for the patient. Most patients and rheumatologists would agree that it would be better to treat the rheumatoid arthritis prognosis patient as early as rheumatoid arthritis treatments possible and prevent bone erosion from occurring, even if this means alternative medicine for rheumatoid arthritis free treating patients who don't fulfill the ACR criteria. The ACR criteria are, however, very useful for categorising patients with established rheumatoid arthritis healing natural new rheumatoid york arthritis, for example for epidemiological purposes.
When RA is diet for persons with rheumatoid arthritis being clinically suspected, immunological studies are required, such as rheumatoid factor  (RF, a specific antibody). food and rheumatoid arthritis A negative RF does not rule out RA; rather, the arthritis is called seronegative. During the homeopathic remedy rheumatoid arthritis first year of illness, rheumatoid factor is frequently negative. light therapy for rheumatoid arthritis 80% of patients eventually convert rheumatism medical information rheumatoid arthritis to seropositive status. RF is also seen in other illnesses, like Sjögren's syndrome, and in rheumatoid arthritis affect on heart approximately 10% of the healthy population, therefore the test is not very specific.
Because of rheumatoid arthritis alternative solutions this low specificity, a new serological test has been developed in recent years, which tests for the presence of so called rheumatoid arthritis care given in nursing home anti-citrullinated protein (ACP) antibodies. Like RF, this test can detect approximately rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis 80% of all RA patients, but is rarely positive in non-RA patients, giving it rheumatoid arthritis drugs a specificity of around 98%. In addition, ACP rheumatoid arthritis nutrition antibodies can be often detected in early stages of the disease, or even before disease onset. Currently, most rheumatoid arthritis treatment by hydrotherapy common test for ACP antibodies is the anti-CCP (cyclic citrulinated peptide) test.
Also, several other alternative therapies rheumatoid arthritis blood tests are usually done to allow for other causes of arthritis fibromyalgia rheumatoid arthritis, such as lupus erythematosus. The arthritis health in promotion rheumatoid erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein, full blood count, renal function, liver coffee rheumatoid arthritis enzymes and immunological tests (e.g. antinuclear antibody/ANA) are all performed at this stage. Ferritin can reveal hemochromatosis, which can mimic RA.
Joint abnormalities in rheumatoid arthritis
The cause exercises for rheumatoid arthritis of RA is first symptom rheumatoid arthritis still unknown to this day, but has long been suspected to be infectious. It could be juvenile rheumatoid arthritis foundation due to food allergies or external organisms. Mycoplasma, Erysipelothrix, Epstein-Barr virus, parvovirus B19 and rubella have been suspected but never juvenille rheumatoid arthritis supported in epidemiological studies. As in other autoimmune diseases, osteoarthritis rheumatoid arthritis the "mistaken identity" theory suggests that an offending organism causes an immune response that leaves behind antibodies that rheumatoid arthritis and remicade are specific to that organism. The antibodies are rheumatoid arthritis factor not specific enough, though. They begin an immune attack against, in this case, rheumatoid arthritis foundation the synovium, because some molecule in the synovium "looks like" a rheumatoid arthritis therapy molecule on the offending organism that created the initial seronegative rheumatoid arthritis immune reaction - this phenomenon is called molecular mimicry.
But physical and emotional effects, stress and improper diet systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis could play a role in the disease.
Autoimmune diseases require that the affected individual have a defect in alternative cures in diet for rheumatoid arthritis the ability to distinguish self from foreign aquatic exercise therapy of rheumatoid arthritis molecules. There are markers on many cells that confer this arthritis drug rheumatoid self-identifying feature. However, some classes of markers allow for RA to happen. 90% of patients with arthritis early rheumatoid symptom RA have the cluster of markers known as the HLA-DR4/DR1 cluster, whereas only 40% of unaffected controls do. Thus, in theory, RA requires arthritis remedy rheumatoid susceptibility to the disease through genetic endowment with specific markers and an infectious arthritis symptoms rheumatoid event that triggers an autoimmune response.
Once triggered, the immune response causes inflammation birth control pills rheumatoid arthritis of dog rheumatoid arthritis the synovium. Early and intermediate molecular mediators of inflammation include tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), herbs for rheumatoid arthritis interleukins IL-1, IL-6, IL-8 and IL-15, transforming growth factor beta, fibroblast growth factor and palindromic rheumatoid arthritis platelet-derived growth factor. Modern pharmacological treatments of RA target these mediators. Once the inflammatory reaction is established, the synovium thickens, the cartilage and polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis the underlying bone begins to disintegrate and evidence of joint destruction accrues.
Thomas McPherson Brown along with other researchers and patient groups believe that it can be demonstrated that RA rheumatoid arthritis in the foot is caused by a bacterial infection, in particular mycoplasma that localizes to joints. There are rheumatoid arthritis nodules a number of important features of rheumatoid arthritis that this hypothesis fails to account for rheumatoid arthritis research however. Thomas McPherson Brown rheumatoid arthritis support groups used tetracycline antibiotics to treat rheumatoid arthritis, and concluded that alternative rheumatoid arthritis treatments improvement in symptoms was evidence that the antibiotic must be killing a bacteria arthritis back pain rheumatoid that caused the arthritis. The tetracycline antibiotics that he used, however also "exhibit immunomodulatory arthritis foot rheumatoid properties, which may contribute significantly to their beneficial effects in rheumatoid arthritis".. In other words, the same drug can both arthritis healing natural new rheumatoid york powered by the kill bacteria and suppress the arthritis management ny pain rheumatoid immune system, and the latter may be responsible for its benefits in rheumatoid arthritis. If active bacterial arthritis pain rheumatoid infection were the cause of the arthritis, then we would expect sufficient antibiotic treatment arthritis rheumatoid to completely cure the disease by killing all bacteria. In fact, the benefits of antibiotics are arthritis rheumatoid treatment fairly modest and the disease almost always cause rheumatoid arthritis persists. If rheumatoid arthritis was caused by a bacterial infection cure for rheumatoid arthritis then we would expect that a treatment that lowered a patient's resistance to infection would dhodh inhibitor in rheumatoid arthritis make the disease much worse. Tumor necrosis factor inhibitors are a class of drugs that markedly reduce resistance to bacterial diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis infection but are very effective diet and rheumatoid arthritis in treating RA. In fact, they are the most effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis in widespread use. The bacteria/antibiotic diet that helps rheumatoid arthritis hypothesis therefore has very little support amongst modern rheumatologists and fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis researchers.
Pharmacological treatment of RA can be divided into disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), image of rheumatoid arthritis anti-inflammatory agents and analgesics . DMARDs have been found to produce juvenile rheumatoid arthritis inspirations durable remissions and delay or halt disease progression. In particular they prevent bone and long term care for rheumatoid arthritis joint damage from occurring secondary to the uncontrolled inflammation. This medical news rheumatoid arthritis america is important as such damage is usually irreversible. Anti-inflammatories and analgesics improve pain and stiffness medicine medical information rheumatoid arthritis but do not prevent joint damage or slow the disease progression.
There is natural cure for rheumatoid arthritis an increasing recognition amongst rheumatologists that permanent damge to the joints occurs at natural cures for rheumatoid arthritis a very early stage in the disease. In the past the strategy used was to start osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis with just an anti-inflammatory drug, and assess progression clinically and using X-rays. If power point presentations on juvinile rheumatoid arthritis there was evidence that joint damage was starting to rheumatoid arthritis and lung disease occur then a more potent DMARD would be prescribed. Tools such as ultrasound and MRI are rheumatoid arthritis case study more sensitive methods of imaging the joints and have demonstrated that joint damage occurs rheumatoid arthritis deformities much earlier and in more patients than was previously thought. Patients with normal X-rays will often rheumatoid arthritis eyes have erosions detectable by ultrasound rheumatoid arthritis in wrists that X ray could not demonstrate. For this reason, it is logical to start a DMARD as rheumatoid arthritis photo soon as the diagnosis of RA rituxan and rheumatoid arthritis is certain, before joint damage has occurred, in order to prevent damage.
There may be other reasons symptoms for rheumatoid arthritis why starting DMARDs early is beneficial as well as prevention of structural joint damage. In the early stage arthritis canine rheumatoid of the disease, the joints are increasingly arthritis definition rheumatoid infiltrated by cells of the immune system that signal to arthritis foundation juvenile rheumatoid one another and are thought to set up self-perpetuating chronic inflammation. Interrupting this process as early as possible with an effective DMARD (such as methotrexate) arthritis glucosamine rheumatoid appears to improve the outcome from the RA for years arthritis group rheumatoid support afterwards. Delaying therapy for as little as a few months after the arthritis holistic rheumatoid treatment onset of symptoms can result in worse outcomes in the long term. There arthritis management pain rheumatoid is therefore considerable interest in arthritis neck pain rheumatoid establishing the most effective therapy in patients with early arthritis, when they are most responsive to therapy and have the most to gain.
Disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)
DMARDs can be further subdivided into xenobiotic arthritis rheumatoid symptoms agents and biological agents. Xenobiotic agents are those DMARDs that do not auscultation rheumatoid arthritis occur naturally in the body, as opposed to biologicals.
- ciclosporin (cyclosporine A)
- gold salts
- methotrexate (MTX)
- sulfasalazine (SSZ)
The most balneotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis important and most cause of rheumatoid arthritis common adverse events relate to liver and bone marrow toxicity clinical trial rheumatoid arthritis (MTX, SSZ, leflunomide, azathioprine, gold compounds, D-penicillamine), renal toxicity (cyclosporine A, parenteral gold salts, D-penicillamine), pneumonitis diagnosis juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (MTX), allergic skin reactions (gold compounds, SSZ), autoimmunity diet rheumatoid arthritis (D-penicillamine, SSZ, minocycline) and infections (azathioprine, cyclosporine A). Hydroxychloroquine may cause ocular toxicity, although this is rare, and because hydroxychloroquine does not affect the etiology of rheumatoid arthritis bone marrow or liver it is often considered to be the DMARD with immunological basis for rheumatoid arthritis the least toxicity. Unfortunately hydroxychloroquine is not very potent, and jaw pain and rheumatoid arthritis for most patients hydroxychloroquine alone is insufficient to control symptoms.
Many rheumatologists juvenile rheumatoid arthritis prognosis consider methotrexate to be the most important and useful DMARD. This new rheumatoid arthritis drug is because it is the most effective not only in controlling the pain and new rheumatoid arthritis treatment stiffness of arthritis, but also in preventing the bone pictures rheumatoid arthritis damage that can result from uncontrolled inflammation. Other drugs, such as corticosteroids, whilst effective at reducing pain and stiffness, are less effective at remicade rheumatoid arthritis retarding bone rheumatoid arthritis articles damage. Methotrexate often considered by patients and even other doctors as a very "toxic" drug. This reputation is not entirely justified, and at times can rheumatoid arthritis drug result in patients being denied the most effective treatment for their rheumatoid arthritis early symptoms arthritis. Although methotrexate does indeed have the potential to rheumatoid arthritis knee replacements suppress the bone marrow or cause hepatitis, these effects can be monitored using regular blood rheumatoid arthritis new treatment tests, and the drug rheumatoid arthritis remedy withdrawn at an early stage if the tests are abnormal, before any serious harm is done (typically the blood tests return to normal after stopping rheumatoid arthritis threopy the drug). In clinical trials in which rituxin rheumatoid arthritis patients with RA were treated with one of a range of scholarships for rheumatoid arthritis patients different DMARDs, patients who were prescribed methotrexate were those sign of rheumatoid arthritis who stayed on their medication the longest (the others stopped theirs because of either side-effects or failure of symptom diagnosis rheumatoid arthritis the drug to control the arthritis). Lastly, methotrexate is types of rheumatoid arthritis often preferred by rheumatologists because if it does not control arthritis on its own then it works well in combination with many agent orange rheumatoid arthritis other drugs, especially alternative solutions fo rheumatoid arthritis the biological agents. Other DMARDs may not be as effective or safe in combination with alternative treatment for rheumatoid arthritis biological agents.
Biological agents include:
- tumor necrosis factor (TNFα) blockers - etanercept (Enbrel), infliximab (Remicade), adalimumab (Humira)
- interleukin-1 blockers arthritis curing juvenile rheumatoid - anakinra
- anti-B cell (CD20) antibody - rituximab (Rituxan)
- blockers of T cell activation - abatacept (Orencia)
Anti-inflammatory agents and analgesics
Anti-inflammatory agents include:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs, most also act as analgesics)
- lidocaine topical
Recent research arthritis dog in rheumatoid indicates that cytokines, a group of chemicals that are arthritis herbal remedy rheumatoid produced by various cells in the body, may be responsible for generating arthritis juvenile rheumatoid treatment the response of chronic pain associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis. Medications that affect the release of cytokines or block the action of cytokines arthritis medicine natural rheumatoid may reduce the response of chronic pain. arthritis pain relief rheumatoid Various anti-cytokine medications are now being used to arthritis pathology rheumatoid treat painful disease states such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Crohn's Disease. In addition, research using the anti-cytokine medication, Thalidomide, is being evaluated for arthritis picture rheumatoid its effect in treating assistance for rheumatoid arthritis drugs chronic pain associated with Arachnoiditis.
An experimental treatment known as enzyme potentiated desensitization (EPD) is now common symptom for rheumatoid arthritis under development for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and dietry causes of rheumatoid arthritis other autoimmune diseases. EPD uses dilutions of allergen (in this case type 2 collagen and an enzyme, β-glucuronidase, early rheumatoid arthritis to which T-regulatory lymphocytes respond by favouring desensitization, rather than sensitization. Initial results are encouraging foot joint rheumatoid arthritis but the treatment is foot pain rheumatoid arthritis still at an early stage of development.
Other therapies are weight loss, occupational therapy, podiatry, physiotherapy, joint injections, and special glyconutrients rheumatoid arthritis testimonial tools to improve hard movements (e.g. special tin-openers).
Severely affected joints may require joint hla rheumatoid arthritis replacement surgery, holistic treatment of rheumatoid arthritis such as knee replacement.
The incidence of RA is 30 cases per 10,000 population. The peak hot and cold compresses and rheumatoid arthritis incidence is between the ages of 40 and 60. The prevalence rate is 1%, with women how to do daf studies on rheumatoid arthritis patients affected three to five times as often hyaluronic acid rheumatoid arthritis as men. Some Native American groups have higher prevalence rates (5-6%) and black persons from information picture of rheumatoid arthritis the Caribbean region have lower prevalence rates. First-degree relatives prevalence rate is 2-3% and disease concordance in monozygotic twins is approximately 15-20%.
The course of the disease juvenile rheumatoid arthritis association varies greatly from patient to patient. Some patients have mild short-term symptoms, massage and rheumatoid arthritis but in most the disease is progressive for life. Around 20%-30% will have medications used for rheumatoid arthritis subcutaneous nodules (known as rheumatoid nodules) this is associated with a poor prognosis.
- Daily living mycoplasma rheumatoid arthritis activities are impaired in most patients.
- After 5 natural herbs for rheumatoid arthritis years of disease, approximately 33% of patients will not be working
- After 10 years, approximately half will pscoric rheumatoid arthritis have substantial functional disability.
- Poor prognostic factors include persistent synovitis, early erosive disease, extra-articular findings (including rheumatoid arthritis ancient civilizations subcutaneous rheumatoid nodules), positive serum RF findings, positive serum anti-CCP autoantibodies, carriership rheumatoid arthritis and celiac of HLA-DR4 "Shared Epitope" alleles, family history of rheumatoid arthritis antioxidants RA, poor functional status, socioeconomic factors, elevated acute phase response (erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR], C-reactive protein [CRP]), and increased clinical rheumatoid arthritis disability severity.
- Life expectancy for rheumatoid arthritis disease patients with RA is shortened by 5-10 years, although those who respond to therapy may have lower mortality rates.
Regular exercise and carefully rheumatoid arthritis facts controlled diet can usually help lessen the pain and stiffness associated with arthritic flare-ups.
Cold can rheumatoid arthritis heberdens nodules increase the pain and stiffness.
Also see Eastern and Naturopathic Approaches in this article.
The first known traces of arthritis date back as far as 4500 BC. rheumatoid arthritis lung It was noted in skeletal remains of Indians found in rheumatoid arthritis moderate to severe symptoms Tennessee. A text dated 123 AD first describes symptoms very similar to rheumatoid arthritis. In 1859 the disease rheumatoid arthritis natural remedies got its current name.
- ^ www.roadback.org - patient group
- ^ Reeta K, Mediratta P, Mahajan P, rheumatoid arthritis prevention Sharma K (2002). "Effect of rheumatoid arthritis radiographs minocycline and tetracycline on immunological responses in experimental animals.". rheumatoid arthritis symtoms Indian J Med Sci 56 (11): 553-9. PMID 14510338.
- ^ O'Dell JR. Therapeutic strategies for rheumatoid arthritis. N Engl J Med. 2004;350(25):2591-602 PMID soft tissue rheumatoid arthritis 15201416
- ^ Hasler P. Biological therapies directed against cells in who discovered rheumatoid arthritis autoimmune disease. Springer Semin Immunopathol. 2006 Jun;27(4):443-56. PMID 16738955
- ^ Vital EM, Emery P. Advances in the alternative holistic treatment for rheumatoid arthritis treatment of early rheumatoid arthritis. Am Fam Physician. 2005 alternative treatments for rheumatoid arthritis Sep 15;72(6):1002, 1004
- ^ Edwards JC, Szczepanski L, Szechinski J, et al. Efficacy of ankle arthritis rheumatoid synovectomy B-cell-targeted therapy with rituximab in patients with arthritis cause info rheumatoid treatment rheumatoid arthritis. N Engl J Med 2004;350:2572-2581. PMID 15201414
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) What is it ? ...
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) entry #180300
- History of rheumatoid arthritis
arthritis rheumatoid spine blood tests for rheumatoid arthritis blotchy hands rheumatoid arthritis canine rheumatoid arthritis treatment causes treatments for rheumatoid arthritis celebrities with rheumatoid arthritis cherries and rheumatoid arthritis clinical manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis could carbs cause rheumatoid arthritis daf 28 and rheumatoid arthritis
Categories: Arthritis | arthritis rheumatoid osteo Autoimmune diseases