narcissistic personality disorder
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narcissistic personality disorder in the news

Celebrities think: We're so fabulous 

Orlando Sentinel - Oct 09 3:56 AM
Radio's Dr. Drew Pinsky studies what moves Hollywood's ego entourage. Let's say there's a famous movie star who thinks he owns Malibu or a big-name actor who considers himself an expert on psychiatry on national television. Or maybe there's a famous actress who frequently calls in sick to the movie set, costing producers thousands of dollars, because she is tired (or hung over). Aren't these

Men, Women Have Similar Rates Of Compulsive Buying, Stanford Study Shows 
Science Daily - Oct 06 8:54 AM
Contrary to popular opinion, nearly as many men as women experience compulsive buying disorder, a condition marked by binge buying and subsequent financial hardship, according to new research from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Character issues make athletes poor sports 
Houston Chronicle - Oct 07 11:00 PM
Terrell Owens might be the poster boy for misbehaving athletes, but he has plenty of company, including the newest member of the Rockets.

A stained dress, a TV mini-series and a glimpse of narcissistic rage 
WorldNetDaily - Sep 24 10:14 PM
''You did your nice little hit job on me.'' ''Tell the truth, Chris.'' ''You came here under false pretenses.''

narcissitic personality disorder

 

 

- causes of narcissistic personality disorder

- narcissistic personality disorder

Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Narcissus, the mythical Greek youth, after whom narcissism is named, as depicted in narcisistic personality disorder John William Waterhouse's "Echo and Narcissus." ca. 1903. Narcissus might have been diagnosed narcassistic personality disorder as a classic, somatic narcississtic personality disorder narcissist.
ICD-10 F60.8
ICD-9 301.81

Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), a term first used by Heinz Kohut in nacissistic personality disorder 1971[1], is a form of pathological narcissism acknowledged narcissisticpersonality disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 1980, in the edition known as DSM narissistic personality disorder III-TR. Narcissistic Personality Disorder, is narcissistic personality disorder a maladaptive, rigid, and persistent condition that may cause significant distress and causes of narcissistic personality disorder functional impairment.

Contents

  • 1 Classification
  • 2 Diagnostic criteria
  • 3 Prevalence, cases of narcissistic personality disorder age & gender features
  • 4 Clinical narcissistic personality disorder description experience
  • 5 Treatment & prognosis
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 Books narcissistic personality disorder case study on Narcissistic Personality Disorder and Narcissism
  • 9 External narcissistic personality disorder treatment links

Classification

DSM-IV divides personality famous case studies of narcissistic personality disorder disorders into three clusters based on symptom similarities[2]:

  • Cluster A (paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal): odd or eccentric disorders
  • Cluster B (antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic): dramatic, emotional diagnosis of narcissistic personality disorder or erratic disorders
  • Cluster C (avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive): anxious or fearful disorders

Narcissistic personality disorder is a "cluster B" treating narcissistic personality disorder personality disorder.

The ICD-10 (International Classification of Mental and what is narcissistic personality disorder Behavioural Disorders, published by the when your partner has narcissistic personality disorder World Health Organisation in Geneva 1992) regards narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) as "a personality disorder coping narcissistic personality disorder that fits none of the specific rubrics". It relegates it narcissistic personality disorder discussions to the category known as "Other specific personality disorders", which also includes the eccentric, "haltlose", immature, passive-aggressive, and psychoneurotic personality disorders.

Diagnostic criteria

At least borderline narcissistic personality disorder five of the following are necessary for a diagnosis:

  1. has a children with narcissistic personality disorder grandiose sense of self-importance
  2. is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, health mental disorders personality narcissistic power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love
  3. believes that he or she health mental health disorders personality narcissistic is "special" and unique and can only be understood by medication for narcissistic personality disorder other special people
  4. requires excessive admiration
  5. strong sense of entitlement
  6. takes advantage of others to achieve his narcissistic personality disorder diagnosis or her own ends
  7. lacks empathy
  8. is often envious or believes others are envious of narcissistic personality disorder npd him or her.
  9. arrogant affect
(see also full list in DSM-IV-TR)

Prevalence, age & gender narcissistic personality disorders features

According to DSM IV, the prevalence of NPD is when a spouse has narcissistic personality disorder less than 1% of the general population, though it manifests itself in 2-16% of psychiatric outpatients. case studies narcissistic personality disorder Studies have not demonstrated any ethnic, social, cultural, economic, cause of narcissistic personality disorder genetic, or professional predilection to NPD[3].

Some Narcissistic traits dual diagnosis and the narcissistic personality disorder are common and a normal developmental phase. When these education and narcissistic personality disorder traits are compounded by a failure of the interpersonal effects of narcissistic personality disorder on children environment and continue into adulthood they may intensify to the point where NPD is diagnosed. The disorder occurs 50 to narcissistic personality disorder characteristics 75 percent more frequently in men than in women. It has been suggested that narcissistic personality disorder dsm iv NPD may narcissistic personality disorder feel special achievement be exacerbated by the onset of aging and the physical, mental, and occupational restrictions it imposes[3].

Clinical experience

Narcissism is narcissistic personality disorder forums a psychological disorder resulting from narcissistic personality disorder law enforcement a person’s belief that he or she is flawed in a way people with narcissistic personality disorder that makes the person fundamentally unacceptable to others [4]. This belief is held below the person’s conscious awareness; such school and narcissistic personality disorder a person would typically deny thinking such a thing if questioned. In order to protect themselves against the intolerably painful rejection and isolation they imagine would follow if others recognized their supposedly defective nature, such people make strong attempts to control others’ view of them and behavior towards them.

The common use of the term “narcissism” refers to some of the ways people defend themselves against this narcissistic dynamic: a concern with one’s own physical and social image, a preoccupation with one’s own thoughts and feelings, and a sense of grandiosity. There are, however, many other behaviors that can stem from narcissistic concerns, such as immersion in one’s own affairs to the exclusion of others, an inability to empathize with others’ experience, interpersonal rigidity, an insistence that one’s opinions and values are “right,” and a tendency to be easily offended and take things personally.

Among professionals, narcissism is commonly believed to result from an impairment in the quality of the narcissistic person’s relationship with their primary caregivers, usually their parents, in that the parents were unable to form a healthy, empathic attachment to them. This results in the child conceiving of themselves as unimportant and unconnected to others.The child typically comes to believe that he or she has some defect of personality which makes them unvalued and unwanted [5].

To the extent that people are narcissistic, they can be controlling, blaming, self-absorbed, intolerant of others’ views, unaware of other’s needs and of the effects of their behavior on others, and require that others see them as they wish to be seen [3]. They may also demand certain behavior from their children because they see the children as extensions of themselves, and need the children to represent them in the world in ways that meet the parents’ emotional needs[6]. (For example, a narcissistic father who was a lawyer demanded that his son, who had always been treated as the “favorite” in the family, enter the legal profession as well. When the son chose another career, the father rejected and disparaged him.)

These traits will lead narcissistic parents to be very intrusive in some ways, and entirely neglectful in others. The children are punished if they do not respond adequately to the parents’ needs. This punishment may take a variety of forms, including physical abuse, angry outbursts, blame, attempts to instill guilt, emotional withdrawal, and criticism. Whatever form it takes, the purpose of the punishment is to enforce compliance with the parents’ narcissistic needs[6].

People who are narcissistic commonly feel rejected, humiliated and threatened when criticised. To protect themselves from these dangers, they often react with disdain, rage, and/or defiance to any slight, real or imagined [7]. To avoid such situations, some narcissistic people withdraw socially and may feign modesty or humility.

There is a broad spectrum of narcissistic personalities, styles, and reactions -- from the very mild, reactive and transient, to the severe and inflexible narcissitic personality disorder.

Though individuals with NPD are often ambitious and capable, the inability to tolerate setbacks, disagreements or criticism makes it difficult for such individuals to work cooperatively with others or to maintain long-term professional achievements [8]. The narcissist's perceived fantastic grandiosity, often coupled with a hypomanic mood, is typically not commensurate with his or her real accomplishments.

The interpersonal relationships of patients with NPD are typically impaired due to the individual's lack of empathy, disregard for others, exploitativeness, sense of entitlement, and constant need for attention. They frequently select as mates, and engender in their children, "co-narcissism," which is a term coined to refer to a co-dependent personality style similar to co-alcoholism and co-dependency [6]. Co-narcissists organize themselves around the needs of others. They feel responsible for others, accept blame readily, are eager to please, defer to other's opinions, and fear being considered selfish if they act assertively.

Treatment & prognosis

It is unusual for people suffering from narcissism to seek treatment for their problems, or even to consider that they might have a problem [9]. Though there is controversy in the profession, some psychologists view narcissism as a relatively stable condition that tends to remain relatively unchanged over one’s lifetime. James F. Masterson's A Therapist's Guide to the Personality Disorders: The Masterson Approach outlines a prominent approach to healing Narcissistic Personality Disorders.

See also

  • Narcissism (psychology)
  • Narcissism (cultural)
  • Malignant narcissism
  • Gender narcissism
  • Celebrity narcissism
  • Medical narcissism
  • Acquired situational narcissism
  • Narcissistic supply
  • Narcissistic rage
  • Narcissistic injury
  • Megalomania
  • Hubris
  • Victory disease
  • Peter Pan syndrome
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Dorian Gray syndrome
  • Superiority complex
  • List of fictional narcissists
  • Narcissus (mythology)

References

  1. ^ Kohut, Heinz, The Analysis of the Self, 1971
  2. ^ DSM IV-TR, Diagnostic criteria for 301.81 Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  3. ^ a b c American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1994, p. 660
  4. ^ Golomb, Elan PhD (1992). Trapped in the Mirror. New York: Morrow, pages 19-20
  5. ^ Johnson, Stephen M PhD (1987). Humanizing the Narcissistic Style. New York: Norton, page 39
  6. ^ a b c Rappoport, Alan, Ph.D.Co-Narcissism: How We Adapt to Narcissistic Parents. The Therapist, in press
  7. ^ American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1994, p. 659
  8. ^ Golomb, Elan PhD (1992). Trapped in the Mirror. New York: Morrow, pages 22
  9. ^ Golomb, Elan PhD (1992). Trapped in the Mirror. New York: Morrow, page 23

Books on Narcissistic Personality Disorder and Narcissism

  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM IV-TR), American Psychiatric Association, Washington, D.C., 2000.
  • Alford, C. Fred. Narcissism: Socrates, the Frankfurt School and Psychoanalytic Theory, New Haven and London, Yale University Press, 1988. ISBN 0-300-04064-4
  • Bach, Sheldon. Narcissistic States and the Therapeutic Process, Jason Aronson Publishers, 1995. ISBN 0-87668-304-9
  • Banja, John Medical Errors and Medical Narcissism, 2005
  • Brown. Nina W. Coping with Infuriating, Mean, Critical People: The Destructive Narcissistic Pattern, 2006
  • Carter, Les Enough About You, Let's Talk About Me: How to Recognize and Manage the Narcissists in Your Life, 2005
  • Fairbairn, W. R. D. An Object Relations Theory of the Personality, New York, Basic Books, 1954 ISBN 0-465-05163-4
  • Freud, S Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905), Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol. 7, London, Hogarth Press, 1964. ISBN 0-465-09708-1
  • Gabbard, Glen O (Ed); Beck, Judith S (Ed); Holmes, Jeremy (Ed). Oxford Textbook of Psychotherapy. (pp. 279-289). ix, 534 pp., 2005.
  • Gelder, Michael, Gath, Dennis, Mayou, Richard, Cowen, Philip (eds.), Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry, third edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1996, (reprinted 2000).
  • Goldman, Howard H., Review of General Psychiatry, fourth edition, Prentice-Hall International, London, 1995.
  • Golomb, Elan. Trapped in the Mirror : Adult Children of Narcissists in Their Struggle for Self, Quill, 1995. ISBN 0-688-14071-8
  • Greenberg, Jay R. and Mitchell, Stephen A. Object Relations in Psychoanalytic Theory, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1983. ISBN 0-674-62975-2
  • Grunberger, Bela. Narcissism: Psychoanalytic Essays, New York, International Universities Press, 1979. ISBN 0-8236-3491-4
  • Guntrip, Harry. Personality Structure and Human Interaction, New York, International Universities Press, 1961. ISBN 0-8236-4120-1
  • Horowitz, M.J. (1975). "Sliding Meanings: A defense against threat in narcissistic personalities". International Journal of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy 4, 167.
  • Hotchkiss, Sandy Why is it Always about You?: The Seven Deadly Sins of Narcissism, 2005
  • Jacobson, Edith. The Self and the Object World, New York, International Universities Press, 1964. ISBN 0-8236-6060-5
  • Kernberg, O. Borderline Conditions and Pathological Narcissism, New York, Jason Aronson, 1975. ISBN 0-87668-177-1
  • Klein, Melanie The Writings of Melanie Klein, Ed. Roger Money-Kyrle, 4 vols., New York, Free Press, 1964-75. ISBN 0-02-918460-6
  • Kohut, Heinz. The Analysis of the Self: A Systematic Approach to Treatment of Narcissistic Personality Disorders, International Universities Press, 1971. ISBN 0-82368-002-9
  • Lasch, Christopher The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations, 1991
  • Lowen, Alexander. Narcissism : Denial of the True Self, Touchstone Books, 1997. ISBN 0-7432-5543-7
  • Maccoby, Michael. The Productive Narcissist.
  • Masterson, James. A Therapist's Guide to the Personality Disorders: The Masterson Approach. ISBN: 0029202922
  • Masterson, James. Search for the Real Self : Unmasking the Personality Disorders of our Age.
  • Miller, Alice. The Drama of the Gifted Child: The Search for the True Self, Basic Books, 1996. ISBN 0-465-01690-1
  • Mollon, Phil. The Fragile Self: The Structure of Narcissistic Disturbance and Its Therapy, Jason Aronson Publishers, 1995. ISBN 1-56821-234-8
  • Morrison, Andrew. Essential Papers on Narcissism, New York University Press, 1986. ISBN 0-8147-5395-7
  • Morrison, Andrew. Shame: The Underside of Narcissism, The Analytic Press, 1997. ISBN 0-88163-280-5
  • Payson, Eleanor The Wizard of Oz and Other Narcissists: Coping with the One-Way Relationship in Work, Love, and Family, 2002
  • Ronningstam, Elsa F. (ed.). Disorders of Narcissism: Diagnostic, Clinical, and Empirical Implications, American Psychiatric Press, 1998. ISBN 0-7657-0259-2
  • Ronningstam, Elsa F. Identifying and Understanding the Narcissistic Personality, 2005.
  • Rothstein, Arnold. The Narcissistic Pursuit of Reflection, 2nd revised ed., New York, International Universities Press, 1984.
  • Schwartz, Robert C. Ph.D., DAPA and Smith, Shannon D. , Ph.D., DAPA, "Psychotherapeutic Assessment and Treatment of Narcissistic Personality Disorder" (American Psychotherapy Association, Article #3004 Annals July/August 2002)
  • Stern, Daniel. The Interpersonal World of the Infant: A View from Psychoanalysis and Developmental Psychology, New York, Basic Books, 1985. ISBN 0-465-09589-5
  • Zweig, Paul. The Heresy of Self-Love: A Study of Subversive Individualism, New York, Basic Books, 1968. ISBN 0-691-01371-3

External links

  • DSM-IV-TR Narcissistic Personality Disorder Diagnostic Criteria
  • Healing Narcissism and Disorders of the Self Narcissism recovery support group
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder Narcissism victim support group
  • The Web of Narcissism Narcissism victim support group
  • Narcissism Escape - The Pirate Ship Narcissism victim support group
  • Narcissistic Abuse Narcissism victim support group
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder Narcissism victim support group
  • Coping with the Psychopath/Narcissist Child Narcissism/psychopath victim support group
  • Adult Children of Narcissists/Psychopaths Narcissism/psychopath victim support group


DSM-IV Personality Disorders edit

Cluster A (Odd) - Schizotypal, Schizoid, Paranoid
Cluster B (Dramatic) - Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic
Cluster C (Anxious) - Dependent, Obsessive-Compulsive, Avoidant
Search Term: "Narcissistic_personality_disorder"

- cases of narcissistic personality disorder

narcisistic personality disorder