Childbirth (also called labour, birth, partus or parturition) is the culmination of a human pregnancy with the emergence of a newborn givingbirth infant from its mother's uterus.
A woman is considered to givng birth be in labour when she begins experiencing regular, strong uterine contractions, accompanied giving burth by changes of her cervix — primarily effacement and dilation. While childbirth is widely experienced as painful, gaving birth some women do report painless labours. When the baby is born its birth weight is determined.
- 1 The giving borth giving birth natural birth
- 1.1 First stage: contractions
- 1.2 Second stage
- 1.3 Third woman giving birth stage: placenta
- 1.4 After the birth
- 2 Variations
- 3 Pain
- 3.1 Non-medical women giving birth pain control
- 3.2 Medical pain control
- 4 Complications giving birth video clips and risks of birth
- 5 Professions see a women giving birth associated with childbirth
- 6 Social aspects
- 7 Legal aspects
- 8 Psychological video woman giving birth aspects
- 9 Partner and other support
- 10 Well giving birth video known authors women giving birth video clips on childbirth
- 11 References
- 12 External links
- 13 See also
The natural birth
Newborn with dogs giving birth umbilical cord still attached after a water birth
First stage: contractions
A typical human childbirth will begin with the onset pictures of women actually giving birth of contractions of the uterus. The frequency and duration of these contractions varies with free video of women giving birth the individual. The onset of labour may be sudden or gradual, and pregnant giving birth is defined as regular uterine activity in pictures of women giving birth the presence of cervical dilatation.
During a contraction the long muscles of the uterus contract, starting at the ladies giving birth top of the uterus clips of women giving birth and working their way down to the bottom. At the end of the contraction, the muscles relax to a state shorter than at the beginning of dog giving birth the contraction. This draws the cervix up over the baby's head. Each mother giving birth video contraction free giving birth video dilates the cervix until it becomes completely dilated, often referred to as 10+ cm (4") in diameter.
A gradual onset girl giving birth with slow cervical change towards 3 cm (just over giving water birth photo 1 inch) dilation is referred to as the "latent phase". A giving birth vaginally woman is said to be in "active labour" when contractions have become regular in frequency (3-4 in 10 minutes) and about 60 seconds in duration. The pregnant women giving birth now powerful contractions are accompanied by cervical effacement and dilation greater giving birth photos than 3 cm. The labour may begin giving birth on video with a rupture of the amniotic sac, the paired amnion and chorion ("breaking mare giving birth of the water"). The contractions will accelerate in frequency and strengthen. In the "transition phase" from 8 cm–10 cm (3 or animals giving birth 4 inches) of dilation, the contractions giving birth in water often come every two minutes are typically lasting 70–90 seconds. Transition is often regarded as the most challenging huge pregnant belly giving birth and intense for the mother. It is also the shortest phase.
During this stage, the expectant mother giving birth mother typically goes through several emotional phases. At first, the girls giving birth mother may be excited and nervous. photos of pregnant women giving birth Then, as the contractions become stronger, demanding more energy from the mother, mothers generally pictures giving birth become more serious and focused. However, as the cervix finishes its dilation, some mothers experience confusion or bouts can i see a free video of women giving birth of self-doubt or giving up.
The duration of labour varies widely, but averages some 13 hours cat giving birth for women cats giving birth giving birth to their first child ("primiparae") and 8 hours for women who have already given giving birth pics birth.
If there is a significant medical risk to continuing the pregnancy, induction may be necessary. As this carries some risk, it show me women giving birth is only done if the child or the mother men giving birth are in danger from prolonged pregnancy. Forty-two weeks' gestation without spontaneous labour is often said to be an indication clip of giving birth for induction giving birth videos although evidence does not show improved outcomes when labour is induced for post-term pregnancies. Inducing birth giving free videos labour increases the risk of cesarean section and uterine rupture in mothers that have had a previous cesarean section.
In the second stage of labour, the baby is expelled from the womb through cows giving birth the vagina by both the uterine contractions and by the photos of giving birth additional maternal efforts of "bearing down," which many women describe women giving birth in prison as similar in sensation to straining to expel a large bowel movement. The imminence of this stage can be hamster giving birth evaluated by the Malinas score. The Lamaze Method is used mom giving birth about 95% of the time in the United States photo of woman giving birth for a normal childbirth, followed by the photos of pregnant woman giving birth Read Method and LeBoyer Method.
The baby is most commonly born head-first. In some cases the people giving birth baby is "breech" meaning either the feet or buttocks are descending first. Babies in the breech position can be percentage of women giving birth after being raped delivered vaginally by a midwife, though video of a woman giving birth in some areas finding an experienced willing attendant can be difficult.
There are several types videos of women giving birth of breech presentations, but the most common is where the baby's buttocks are delivered first and the giving birth photos and videos legs are folded onto the baby's body with the knees bent and feet horse giving birth to a foal near the buttocks (full or breech). Others include frank breech, much like full breech women giving birth videos but the babies legs are extended toward his ears, and footling or free woman giving birth video incomplete breech, in which one or both legs are extended and the foot or feet are the presenting part. Another horses giving birth rare presentation is a transverse pics of giving birth lie. This is where the baby is sideways in the womb and a woman giving birth video hand or elbow has entered the birth canal first. While babies who present transverse will often move to lady giving birth a different position, this is not always the case and a cesarean woman giving birth photos birth then becomes necessary.
A newborn baby with horse giving birth umbilical cord ready to be clamped
The length of cats giving birth to kittens the second stage varies and is affected by whether a woman has given birth dogs giving birth signs before, the position she is in and mobility. The length of the second stage should be guided man giving birth by the condition of the fetus and health of the mother. Problems pictures of giving birth may be encountered at this stage due to the mother rhino is giving birth reasons such as maternal exhaustion, the front of the baby's head facing vaginal discharge after giving birth forwards instead of backwards (posterior baby), or extremely rarely, because the baby's head does not fit properly into the a woman giving birth mother's pelvis (Cephalo-Pelvic Disproportion (CPD)). True CPD is typically seen birth giving video in women with rickets and bone deforming illnesses or injuries, as well as arbitrary time pregnant women giving birth clips limits placed on second stage by caregivers or medical facilities.
Immediately after birth, animal giving birth the child undergoes extensive physiological modifications as it acclimatizes to independent breathing. giving birth to a baby Several cardiovascular structures start regressing soon after birth, such as the giving birth video clip ductus arteriosus and the foramen ovale. In some cultures, graphic pictures of women giving birth the father cuts the umbilical cord and the infant is given a lukewarm bath to remove blood and mothers giving birth some of the vernix on its skin before being pictures of pregnant mares giving birth handed back to its parents.
The practice of leaving the umbilical cord to detach naturally is known as a pictures women giving birth Lotus Birth.
The medical condition of the child is assessed with the Apgar score, pregnancy after giving birth based on five parameters: heart rate, respiration, muscle tone, skin shark giving birth color, and response to stimuli. Apgar scores are typically assessed at woman giving birth pictures both 1 and 5 minutes after birth.
Third stage: placenta
Breastfeeding during and after the birth giving third stage
In this stage, the uterus expels the placenta (afterbirth). Breastfeeding female giving birth the baby will help to cause this. The mother normally loses less than 500 mL of giving birth to child blood. Blood loss will be greater if the umbilical cord is used to tug on the placenta. It human giving birth is essential that the placenta be examined to ensure that it was expelled live giving birth period after giving birth whole. Remaining parts can cause postpartum bleeding or infection.
After the birth
Medical professionals typically recommend breastfeeding of the first milk, colostrum, to reduce postpartum bleeding/hemorrhage pictures of mares giving birth to foals in the mother, and short-beaked echidna giving birth to pass immunities and other benefits to the baby.
Parents usually assign the infant its given the price of giving birth names soon after birth.
Often people visit and bring a gift for the baby.
Many cultures feature initiation what to take to the hospital for giving birth rites for newborns, such as naming ceremonies, baptism, and others.
Mothers are often allowed a babymoon period where 's giving birth they are anxiety giving birth to second child relieved of their normal duties to recover from childbirth and establish breastfeeding bleeding after giving birth with their babies. Length of this period varies. In China this is 30 days and is referred to cat emergencies after giving birth - as "doing the month" (see Postpartum period).
When the amniotic sac has not ruptured during labour or pushing, elephants giving birth the infant can be born with the membranes intact. This is referred giving birth naturally to as "being born in the caul." The caul is harmless and having a urinary catheter after giving birth its membranes are easily broken male giving birth and wiped away by the doctor or midwife assisting with the childbirth. In medieval times, and in photograph of giving birth some cultures still today, a caul was seen as a pics of women giving birth sign of good fortune for the baby, in some cultures was seen as protection against drowning. The caul was often impressed video of shark giving birth onto paper and stored away as an heirloom for the child. With the advent of after giving birth modern interventive obstetrics, premature artificial rupture of the membranes birth giving video clips has become common, so babies are britney spears giving birth on a bearskin rug rarely born in the caul.
The amounts of pain experienced cat giving birth video by women during childbirth varies. For some women, the perceived pain is intense and elephant giving birth agonizing; for other women there is little to no perceived pain. Many factors affect pain explicit picturesof women giving birth perception; fear, number of previous births, fetal presentation, cultural ideas of childbirth, birthing position, support given during fish giving birth labor, beta-endorphin levels, and a woman's natural pain threshold. Uterine contractions are always giraffe giving birth intense during childbirth, some women report these sensations as painful though the giving birth - video degree of pain varies from individual to individual and there are even some women who giving birth for the first time find them pleasurable.
Non-medical pain giving birth pictures control
Some women believe that reliance on analgesic medication is unnatural, or worry that it may harm the child, but are still very concerned about giving birth quiz labour pain. To alleviate giving birth to baby pain, they may undergo psychological preparation, education, massage, hypnosis, water therapy giving birth to puppies in a tub or shower. Some women like to have someone to support them during labour and birth; often female family members such giving child birth as her mother, a sister, graphic video clips of women giving birth the father of the baby, a close friend, a partner guppies giving birth or a trained professional doula. Some women deliver in a squatting or crawling position latest trends in giving birth in the hospital in order to more effectively push during the second stage and so that gravity can aid the descent of the baby through mom giving birth pictures the birth canal.
The human body also has its own method of pain photo of women giving birth control for labour and childbirth pictures of women giving birth in strange places in the form of beta-endorphins. As a naturally occurring opiate, beta-endorphin has properties similar to pethidine, morphine, and heroin, and has been shown to pregnant 6 months after giving birth to child work on the same receptors of the brain.  Like swelling in feet months after giving birth oxytocin, beta-endorphin is secreted from the pituitary gland, and swelling of feet and ancles after giving birth high levels are present during sex, pregnancy, birth, and breastfeeding. This hormone can induce feelings of pleasure a video of a women giving birth and euphoria during childbirth.
Water births are being increasingly boxer dogs giving birth chosen by many women as an option for pain britney spears giving birth on a bear-skin rug relief during labour and childbirth, and waterbirth has been chances of getting pregnant after giving birth proven in many trials to be not only a safe option for mother chihuahua giving birth and baby, but in many cases show a reduction in the need for further analgesia, and a higher rate of child bearing hips giving birth birth 'without injuries'  Many hospitals and birthing centres now offer women the option of waterbirth, either cow giving birth via custom-made donkey giving birth 'birthing pools' or large bath tubs, and have policies to safeguard their use.
Medical pain drop in blood pressure after giving birth control
In Europe, doctors commonly prescribe inhaled nitrous oxide gas for pain control; in the UK, midwives may use this gas without a doctor's free videos of women giving birth giving birth after death prescription. Pethidine (with or without promethazine) may be used early in labour, as well as other opioids, giving birth at banner good samaritan but if given too close to birth there is a risk giving birth movies of respiratory depression in the infant.
Popular medical pain control in hospitals include the regional anesthetics epidural blocks, and giving birth underwater spinal anaesthesia. Doctors favor the epidural block because medication does not enter the mother's circulatory system, thus giving birth video clip life before birth it does not cross the placenta and enter the bloodstream of he's giving birth the fetus. Studies however suggest that monkeys giving birth epidural use can lengthen the labour, and may compromise breastfeeding success .
Different measures for pain control have varying degrees of success and side pain after giving birth effects to mother and baby. Administration must be carefully pictures of mares giving birth timed. For example, an epidural block given too early in rabbit giving birth labour can stop or slow labour, and given too late in labour can hinder maternal efforts to push out the baby. women in labor giving birth These risks should be balanced a woman giving birth movie against the fact that childbirth can be extremely painful, and anesthetics are an effective and usually safe animals giving birth online videos pain treatment.
Complications and anime giving birth risks of birth
Problems that occur during childbirth are called complications. They can affect the mother or the baby. Sometimes birth giving videos they cause injury or even death. Doctors and midwives are trained can i collect unemployment if i resign after giving birth to deal with these problems should they occur.
Infant deaths (neonatal deaths from birth to 28 days, or perinatal deaths if cat emergencies after giving birth - vital signs including fetal deaths at 28 weeks gestation and later) complications when giving birth are around 1% in modernized countries. The risk fat women giving birth of maternal death during childbirth in developed nations is comparatively low; only about 1 in 1800 mothers first 6 weeks after giving birth die in childbirth (only 1 in 3700 in free videos of wommen giving birth North America). In the Third World, it is a much riskier proposition: giving birth at highland hospital in oakland neonatal deaths rates in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia are more than 3.7%, and on average 1 in 48 women die during childbirth. The "natural" mortality rate giving birth labor images of childbirth—where nothing is done to avert maternal giving birth pictures of womens death—has been estimated as being between 1,000 and 1,500 deaths per 100,000 births. (See main article: neonatal death, maternal death)
The most important factors affecting mortality in childbirth are adequate nutrition and access to quality medical care giving birth video real player ("access" is affected both by the cost of available care, and distance giving natural birth from health services). grahpic pictures of women giving birth "Medical care" in this context does not refer specifically to treatment in hospitals, hamsters giving birth but simply the presence of an attendant with midwifery skills. A 1983-1989 study by the Texas Department of Health revealed that the infant images of short-beaked echidna giving birth death rate was labor giving birth pictures 0.57% for doctor-attended births, and 0.19% for births attended by non-nurse midwives. Conversely, some studies demonstrate a menstraution after giving birth higher perinatal mortality rate with assisted home births. It is generally accepted that in developed countries, properly assisted home births carry no greater risks than hospital birth midget giving birth for low-risk pregnancies. Around 80% of pregnancies are miracle of birth/ giving birth videos low-risk. Factors that may make a birth high risk include prematurity, high blood pressure, diabetes and previous cesarean section.
One of movies of woman giving birth the most dangerous risks to the fetus is that of premature birth, and its no appetite after giving birth associated low neonatal weight. periods after giving birth The more premature (or underweight) a baby is, the greater the risks for neonatal death pictures of women giving vaginal birth and for pulmonary, respiratory, neurological or other sequelae. About 12% of pregnant after giving birth all infants born in the United States are born prematurely. In the past sims 2 giving birth 25 years, medical technology has greatly improved the chances of survival of premature infants in industrialized nations. In the 1950s someone giving birth and 1960s, approximately half of all low birth weight babies in the US died. Today, spears giving birth on a bearskin rug more than 90% survive. stitches after giving birth The first hours of life for "premies" are critical, especially the very first hour of teenagers giving birth life. Rapid access to a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit is of vaginal changes after giving birth paramount importance.
Some of the possible complications are:
- Heavy bleeding during or after childbirth, which is the most common cause of mortality in new mothers, videos of giving birth in both developed and undeveloped nations. Heavy blood loss leads to woman while giving birth hypovolemic shock, insufficient perfusion of vital organs women giving birth vidoes and death if not rapidly treated by stemming the blood loss (medically a picture of a woman giving birth with ergometrine and pitocin or surgically) and blood a women giving birth transfusion. Hypopituitarism after obstetric hypovolemic shock is termed Sheehan's syndrome.
- Non-progression of labour (longterm contractions without adequate cervical dilation) is generally african elephant giving birth to infant treated with intravenous synthetic oxytocin preparations. If this is ineffective, Caesarean section may african woman giving birth be necessary. Changes in maternal position is effective in many cases.
- Fetal distress is am i pregnant after giving birth the development of signs of distress by the child. These may include rising or animals giving birth - video decreasing heartbeat (monitored on cardiotocography/CTG), shedding of meconium in the amniotic fluid, and other blood clots after giving birth signs.
- Non-progression of expulsion (the head or presenting parts are not delivered brittany spears giving birth despite adequate contractions): this can require interventions such as vacuum extraction, forceps extraction can i see a clip of a woman giving birth or Caesarean section.
- In the past, a large proportion of women died from infection puerperal fever, but since download women giving birth the introduction of basic hygiene during parturition by Ignaz Semmelweis, this dugong giving birth number has fallen precipitously.
- Lacerations can be painful. An episiotomy is elephant giving birth to infant occasionally necessary to avoid tears involving the feeding boa after giving birth anal sphincter, but its routine use—once normal—has now been shown to be harmful.
Professions associated film of a woman giving birth with childbirth
Midwives are experts in normal birth. Midwives believe that childbirth is a normal process that is free cow giving birth video best accomplished with as little interference as possible. Midwives are trained to assist at births, either free picture process women giving birth through direct-entry or nurse-midwifery programs. Lay midwives typically train free video woman giving birth in apprenticeship programs with experienced midwives.
Obstetricians are experts in dealing with giving birth 2 abnormal births and pathological labour conditions, though they sometimes attend normal births as a precautionary measure. Obstetricians giving birth from man in most countries are trained as surgeons, so they can undertake surgical procedures relating giving birth images to childbirth. Such procedures include caesarean sections, episiotomies, or emergency hysterectomies. Obstetricians' tendency giving birth in a tub to intervene surgically to overcome complications has led to criticism that they perform surgery too giving birth on okinawa readily. In the United States, obstetric malpractice settlements are typically very large, so obstetricians giving birth pain argue that they are forced to intervene giving birth to a child aggressively to limit their liability.
In the United States, a doctor who specializes in caring for women giving birth to a child video with pregnancy complications is often referred giving birth to a stone to as a maternal-fetal medicine sub-specialist.
Obstetric nurses assist doctors, mothers, and babies prior to, during, and after the birth process. Some giving birth with cystocele midwives are giving birth with two uteruses also obstetric nurses. Obstetric nurses hold various certifications and typically undergo additional obstetric training in addition good looking women giving birth to standard nursing training
Doulas are trained assistants who support mothers during pregnancy, labour, birth, and postpartum. They are not medical graphic videos of woman giving birth attendants; rather, they provide emotional support and non-medical pain relief heavy panting in dogs after giving birth for mothers during labour.
In most cultures, childbirth is considered to be the heifer giving birth beginning of a person's life, and a person's age is defined relative to it.
Some families high blood pressure after giving birth view the placenta as how heavy is the first period after giving birth a special part of birth, since it has been the child's life support for so how much weight do you lose after giving birth many months. Some parents like to see and touch this mysterious organ. In some cultures, how soon can you exercise after giving birth parents plant a tree along with the placenta on the child's first birthday. The placenta may be eaten by humans giving birth the images of women giving birth newborn's family, ceremonially or otherwise
In some legal jurisdictions, the place koi fish giving birth of childbirth decides the nationality of a child (under the doctrine of Jus soli)
Childbirth can be male seahorses giving birth to baby a stressful event. As with any stressful event, strong emotions can be brought to the surface. Medicating the mother against menstruation after giving birth her labor pain is a widespread practice in hospitals. Intravenously-administered movie clips of woman giving birth drugs — although not, as discussed above, epidurals — may reach the infant's bloodstream through the movies of girls giving birth online pictures of women giving birth umbilical cord, with uncertain effects.
Some women report symptoms compatible with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after birth. Between 70 and 80% of mothers in the United States photographs of women giving birth report some feelings of sadness or "baby blues" pic of a women giving birth after childbirth. Postpartum depression may develop in some women; about 10% of mothers in the United pics of monkeys giving birth States are diagnosed with PPD. Abnormal and persistent fear pics of people giving birth of childbirth is known as Tokophobia.
Preventative group therapy has proven effective as a prophylactic treatment for postpartum depression.
There are some who argue that childbirth picture process women giving birth is stressful for the infant. Stresses associated with breech birth, pictures of mothers giving birth such as asphyxiation, may affect the infant's brain.
It is not known how the birth experience affects the development pictures of teenagers giving birth of personality in the infant. It was once thought pictures of woman giving birth that newborns do not have the capacity to feel pain or fear, pictures women giving birth to babies and now some parents are choosing alternative birth settings (other than the pioneer women giving birth hospital) in an attempt to create a more comfortable environment not only prayers for daughters giving birth for the newborn, but the birthing mother and other family members.
Partner and other support
There is increasing rabbits giving birth evidence to show that the participation of the woman's partner in the birth leads to roach giving birth better birth and also post-birth outcomes, providing the partner does not exhibit excessive anxiety. Research also shows that when a labouring roseanne conner giving birth woman was supported by a female helper such as a family member or see mother giving birth video doula during labour, she had less need for chemical pain relief, the likelihood should i pump before giving birth of caesarean section was reduced, use of forceps and swelling of feet and ankles after giving birth other instrumental deliveries were reduced and there was a reduction in the length of labour the first three months after giving birth and the baby had a higher Apgar score (Dellman 2004), (Vernon 2006).
Well known authors on watch free women giving birth childbirth
- Janet Balaskas
- Jeannine Parvati Baker
- Elizabeth Davis
- Ina May Gaskin
- Sheila Kitzinger
- Frederick Leboyer
- Francesca Naish & woman giving birth clips Janette Roberts
- Michel Odent
- William Sears
- Miriam Stoppard
- David Vernon
- Erna Wright
- Robbie Davis-Floyd
- Dellman, Thomas, The Best Moment of my Life - a literature review of fathers experience of childbirth, Australian women giving birth photos Midwifery Journal, Australian College of Midwives, 2004 17(3) 20-26
- David Vernon, Men at Birth, Australian women giving birth to a child College yanka giving birth in baby blood of Midwives, 2006, ISBN 0-9751674-4-8
- ^ H H Loh, L F Tseng, E Wei, and 'photos' women giving birth C H Li Beta-endorphin is a potent analgesic agent. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1976 August; 73(8): 2895–2898.
- ^ M. 4 weeks since giving birth still bleeding Brinsmead et al., "Peripartum Concentrations of Beta Endorphin and Cortisol and Maternal a mothers picture after giving birth Mood States," Australian and New actual woman giving birth Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 25 (1985): 194-197
- ^ a b World Health Organization 2005 World Health Report, Chapter 4: Risking advantages to giving birth in hospital Death To Give Life, The Greatest Risks to Life are in its Beginning
- ^ Safer amish giving birth Motherhood Fact Sheet: Maternal Mortality
- ^ Van Lerberghe W, De Brouwere babies and giving birth V. Of blind alleys and things that have worked: history’s lessons birth giving pregnant woman on reducing maternal mortality. In: De Brouwere V, brittany spears giving birth on a bear skin rug Van Lerberghe W, eds. Safe motherhood strategies: a review of the evidence. Antwerp, ITG Press, 2001 (Studies in Health Services bulgra whale giving birth Organisation and Policy, 17:7–33).
- ^ Zlotnick C, Johnson SL, Miller IW, Pearlstein T, Howard M. cat giving birth to kitten Postpartum depression in women receiving public assistance: pilot study of an interpersonal-therapy-oriented group chance of giving birth autism intervention, Am J Psychiatry. 2001 Apr;158(4):638-40. [PMID 11282702]
Wikimedia Commons chihuahua giving birth green discharge has media related to:
- Lamaze International
- Birthing From Within Holistic chihuahua mom giving birth Childbirth Preparation
- http://www.davis-floyd.com contains anthropological articles on birth, including "The Technocratic, Humanistic, and Holistic conceiving after giving birth Models of Birth" and "Ritual in the Hospital: Giving cost of giving birth Birth the American Way."
- Stories of painless births (some nudity)
- Post childbirth discomforts and relief measures
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