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Chattem to buy J&J, Pfizer brands for $410 million 

Reuters via Yahoo! Asia News - Oct 06 4:51 AM
NEW YORK (Reuters) - Johnson & Johnson and a unit of Pfizer Inc. agreed to sell the U.S. rights to five brands, including Balmex diaper rash treatment, to Chattem Inc. for $410 million to satisfy regulatory requirements, Chattem said on Friday.

Moody\'s places Chattem under review 
Sharewatch - Oct 06 12:16 PM
Chattem sells mostly over-the-counter drugs, as well as personal care products and supplements. The company said earlier Friday it agreed to buy Cortizone, an anti-itch product, and two other brands from Pfizer Inc., as well as a mouthwash and a diaper-rash product from Johnson & Johnson.

Chattem to buy J&J, Pfizer brands for $410 million 
IWon - Money - Oct 06 5:07 AM
NEW YORK (Reuters) - Johnson & Johnson ( JNJ ) and a unit of Pfizer Inc. ( PFE ) agreed to sell the U.S. rights to five brands, including Balmex diaper rash treatment, to Chattem Inc. (

Chattem to buy 5 consumer brands from Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer for 410 mln usd 
Sharewatch - Oct 06 3:30 AM
The brands include ACT, an anti-cavity mouthwash; sleep aid UNISOM; CORTIZONE, a hydrocortisone anti-itch product; KAOPECTATE, an anti-diarrhoea product; and BALMEX, a diaper rash product.

doaper rash



- yeast diaper rash

- diaper rash

Diaper rash
ICD-10 L22
ICD-9 691.0

Diaper rash (US) doaper rash or nappy rash (UK), is a generic term applied to rashes seen in the diaper area that may be diaper rash caused by a variety of skin disorders.

Generic rash or irritant diaper dermatitis (IDD) is characterized by yeast diaper rash diaper rash home remedy joined patches of erythema and scaling mainly seen on the convex surfaces, with the skin folds diaper rash treatments spared.

Diaper dermatitis with secondary bacterial or fungal involvement tends to spread to concave surfaces severe diaper rash (i.e. skin folds), as well as diaper rash treatment convex surfaces, and often exhibits a central red, beefy erythema with satellite pustules around the border (Hockenberry, 2003).


  • 1 Differential baby diaper rash diagnosis
  • 2 Causes of diaper diaper rash pictures rash
    • 2.1 Effects streptococcus diaper rash of urine
    • 2.2 Effects of diet
  • 3 Secondary infection in irritant diaper dermatitis
  • 4 Treatments causes of diaper rash for diaper rash
  • 5 References
  • 6 External treatment of diaper rash due to diarrhea links

Differential diagnosis

Other types of rashes that often occur in the diaper area include Seborrheic dermatitis and pictures of diaper rash in infants Atopic dermatitis. Both Seborrheic and Atopic dermatitis require individualized treatment and are not the subject bad diaper rash of this article.

  • Seborrheic dermatitis, typified by oily, thick yellowish scales, is most commonly seen how serious is bleeding from diaper rash on the scalp (cradle cap) but can pimply diaper rash also appear in the inguinal folds.
  • Atopic dermatitis, or eczema, is associated with allergic reaction, often hereditary. diaper rash cloth diapers This class of rashes may appear anywhere on the body and is diaper rash ointment characterized by intense itchiness.

Causes of diaper rash

Irritant diaper types of diaper rash dermatitis develops when skin diaper rash and scalp is exposed to prolonged wetness, increased skin pH caused by urine and feces, and resulting breakdown diaper rash on african-american baby of the stratum corneum, or outermost layer of the skin. In diaper rash won't clear up adults, the stratum corneum is composed of 25 to 30 layers of flattened dead keratinocytes, which are home remedy for diaper rash continuously shed and cream diaper homemade rash replaced from below. These dead cells are interlayered with lipids secreted by the stratum granulosum just underneath, which help to make diaper rash cures this layer of the skin a waterproof barrier. The stratum corneum’s diaper rash remedies function is to reduce water loss, repel water, protect deeper best cream diaper rash layers of the skin from injury and to diaper rash cream repel microbial invasion of the skin (Tortora and Grabowski, 2003). In infants, this diaper rash toddler layer of the skin is much thinner and more easily disrupted.

Effects of urine

Although wetness super duper diaper doo rash alone macerates the skin, softening the stratum corneum and greatly increasing susceptibility to friction injury, urine detergent cloth diaper rash has an additional impact diaper rash medicine on skin integrity because of its effect on skin pH. While studies show that ammonia alone treating diaper rash is only a mild skin irritant, when vaseline and diaper rash urea breaks down in the presence of fecal urease it increases skin pH, which in turn promotes the activity cures for diaper rash of fecal enzymes such as protease and lipase (Atherton, 2004; diaper picture rash yeast Wolf, Wolf, Tuzun and Tuzun, diaper rash quick cures 2001). These fecal enzymes increase the permeability of the skin to bile salts and act as irritants in diaper rashes and of themselves.

Effects of diet

The interaction between fecal enzyme activity and IDD infant diaper rash explains the observation that infant diet and diaper rash are linked, since fecal enzymes infants and diaper rash and remedies are in newborn blistery diaper rash turn affected by diet. Breastfed babies, for example, have a lower incidence of diaper rash, cause and prevention of diaper rash possibly because their stools have lower pH and lower enzymatic activity (Hockenberry, 2003). Diaper rash is also most likely to diaper rash cornstarch be diagnosed in infants 8-12 months old, perhaps fungal diaper rash in response to an increase home remedies for diaper rash in consumption of solid foods and changes in diet around that age that affect fecal composition. Any time an infant’s diet undergoes a how serious can diaper rash be significant change treat diaper rash (i.e. from breast milk to formula or from milk to solids) there appears to be an increased likelihood of diaper rash (Atherton and treatment for candidal diaper rash Mills, 2004). The link between feces and IDD is babes diaper rash pictures also apparent in the observation that infants are more susceptible to developing diaper baby diaper rashes rash after treatment bleeding diaper rash with antibiotics, which affect the intestinal microflora (Borkowski, 2004; Gupta & Skinner, diaper infection rash staph 2004). Also, there is an increased incidence of diaper rash in infants who diaper medicine rash have suffered from diarrhea in the previous 48 hours, which may be due to the fact that fecal enzymes such diaper rash and teething as lipase and protease diaper rash and yeast infection are more active in feces which have passed rapidly through the gastrointestinal tract (Atherton, 2004).

Secondary infection in irritant diaper dermatitis

The significance diaper rash from acidic stool of secondary infection in diaper rash products IDD remains controversial. Atherton contends that, “Candida albicans can only be isolated from a minority diaper rash teething of IDD cases; in many symptoms of diaper rash cases this is a reflection of antibiotic therapy. It has also been established that bacterial infection does not play a babyes diaper rash substantial part in the development best diaper ointment rash of IDD.”(Atherton, 2004, p. 646).

However, there is little argument that once the stratum corneum has been damaged by a combination of physical citrus and diaper rash diaper infection rash yeast and chemical factors, the skin is necessarily more vulnerable to secondary infections by bacteria and fungi. In analyzing swab samples at diaper rash + treatment the perianal, inguinal and diaper rash and treatment and ph level oral areas of 76 infants, Ferrazzini et al. (2003) found that colonization with Candida albicans was significantly more likely in children diaper rash antifungal cream with symptomatic diaper rash than without. diaper rash cream cloth diapers Staphylococcus aureus was also present more frequently in symptomatic than diaper rash diagnosis in healthy infants, but the difference was not statistically significant. A wide variety diaper rash home treatments of other infections has been reported on occasion, including Proteus mirabilis, enterococci and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but it appears that Candida is diaper rash looks different diaper rash photos the most common opportunistic invader in diaper areas (Ferrazzini et al., 2003; Ward et al., diaper rash picture 2000).

Although apparently healthy infants sometimes culture positive for Candida and other organisms diaper rash remedy without exhibiting any symptoms, there does seem to be a positive correlation between the severity of the diaper rash noted and diaper rash with white bumps the likelihood of secondary involvement (Ferrazzini et al., 2003; Gupta & homemade diaper rash cream Skinner, 2004; Wolf et homemade diaper rash remedies for babies al., 2001).

Treatments for diaper rash

The most effective treatment, although not always the most practical one, is to how to make home made diaper rash cream made with monistat 7 discontinue use of diapers, allowing the affected skin to air out. Other commonly recommended pink diaper rash cream remedies include oil-based rashes yeast pictures diaper protectants, often using petroleum jelly and shark liver oil or cod liver oil; zinc oxide white blister diaper rash based ointments, and, in extreme cases, antifungal cremes. Low concentration hydrocortisone creams are also sometimes used why tums helps diaper rash to treat the symptoms of diaper abrams diaper rash cream rash, although they do little to clear up the rash itself.


  • Atherton, D.J. (2001) The baby diaper rash information aetiology and management of irritant diaper dermatitis. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology baby diaper rash pictures 15 (Supplement baby products diaper rash 1), p. 1-4.
  • Atherton, D.J. (2004) A review of the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of irritant diaper dermatitis. Current Medical Research baking diaper rash soda and Opinion, 20(5), p. 645-649.
  • Atherton, D.J. & Mills, K. (2004) What can be boric acid diaper rash ointment safety done to keep babies’ skin healthy? RCM Midwives broken skin diaper rash Journal, 7(7), p. 288-290.
  • Borkowski, S. (2004) Diaper rash care and management. cloth diaper rash Pediatric Nursing, 30 (6) p. 467-470.
  • Concannon P, Gisoldi E, Phillips S, Grossman R. (2001) Diaper dermatitis: a therapeutic cure diaper rash dilemma. Results of a cure for diaper rash double-blind placebo controlled trial of miconazole nitrate 0.25%. Pediatric Dermatology, 18(2) p.149-55.
  • Ferrazzini, G., Kaiser, R.R., Hirsig diaper nystatin rash Cheng, S.K., Wehrli, M., Della Casa, V., Pohlig, G., Gonser, S., Graf, F. & Jorg, W. diaper rash and causes (2003) Microbiological aspects of diaper diaper rash and red belly button dermatitis. Dermatology, 206, p. 136-141.
  • Gupta, A.K., Skinner, A.R. (2004) Management of diaper diaper rash and ring worm dermatitis. International Journal of Dermatology, 43 p. diaper rash cause 830-834.
  • Hockenberry, M.J. (2003) Wong’s Nursing Care of Infants and Children. St. Louis, MO; Mosby, diaper rash caused by cloth diapers Inc.
  • Tortora, G.J & Grabowski, S.R. (2003) Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, Tenth Edition; New York, NY; John Wiley & diaper rash impetigo picture Sons, Inc.
  • Ward, D.B, Fleischer, A.B., Feldman, diaper rash in infants S.R., & Krowchuk, D.P. (2000). Characterization of diaper dermatitis in the United States. Archives of diaper rash molluscum picture Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 154 (9), p. 943-946.
  • Wolf, R., Wolf, D., Tuzun, B. & diaper rash on black baby Tuzun, Y. (2001) Diaper Dermatitis. Clinics in diaper rash photo Dermatology, 18, p. 657-660.

External links

  • Some practical advice for dealing with the condition
  • Links to pictures of Diaper diaper rash remidies Rash (Hardin MD/Univ of Iowa)
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