Swedish bodybuilder Anders Graneheim.
Bodybuilding is the process of developing muscle fibres through the combination of weight training, increased caloric bodybuilder intake, and rest. Someone who engages in bodybuidlers this activity is referred to as a bodybuilder. As bodybuiders a sport, called competitive bodybuilding, bodybuilders display their physiques to a panel of judges, who bodybuillders assign points based on their aesthetic appearance. Bodybuilding has contributed to the success of many public figures worldwide. Examples from North America include bodybuliders Arnold Schwarzenegger and Lou Ferrigno.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Early years
- 1.2 The "Golden bodybuilders Age"
- 1.3 1970s onwards
- 1.4 Female Bodybuilding
- 1.5 Teenage bodybuilder Bodybuilding
- 2 Sport
- 3 Strategy
- 3.1 Resistance male bodybuilders bodybuilder gallery weight training
- 3.2 Nutrition
- 3.2.1 Carbohydrates
- 3.2.2 Protein
- 3.2.3 Protein male bodybuilder Timing
- 3.2.4 Dietary teenage bodybuilders supplements
- 3.3 Performance enhancing substances
- 3.4 Overtraining
- 3.5 Rest
- 4 See women bodybuilders also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The "Early Years" of Bodybuilding is generally considered to be the period between 1880 and 1930.
Bodybuilding (the art of displaying the black bodybuilders muscles of the physical body) did bodybuilder male galleries not really exist prior to the late child bodybuilders 19th century, when it was promoted by a man from Prussia named Eugen Sandow, who is now generally referred to as "The women bodybuilder Father of Modern Bodybuilding". He is credited as being a pioneer men bodybuilders of the sport because he allowed an audience to enjoy viewing his physique in "muscle display performances". Although audiences huge bodybuilders thrilled seeing a well male modeling bodybuilder developed physique, those men simply displayed their bodies as part of strength demonstrations or wrestling hairy bodybuilder matches. Sandow had a stage show built around these displays through his manager, Florenz Ziegfeld. bodybuilder worship He became so successful at it, he later created several businesses around his fame and was among the woman bodybuilders first to market products branded with his name woman bodybuilder alone. As he became more popular, he was asian bodybuilder credited with inventing and selling the first exercise equipment for the masses (machined dumbbells, spring pulleys and tension bands).
Sandow was natural bodybuilder a strong advocate of "the Grecian Ideal" (this was a bodybuilder tony caputo standard where a mathematical "ideal" was set up and the "perfect physique" was close to the proportions of ancient teenage bodybuilders male Greek and Roman statues from classical times). This bodybuilder women is how Sandow built his own physique and in the early years, men were judged by how closely heather lee bodybuilder bodybuilders in heat they matched these "ideal" proportions.
Sandow organised the first bodybuilding contest on 14 September 1901 called the "Great Competition" and held in the Royal Albert bodybuilder bruce patterson Hall, London, UK. Judged by himself, Sir Charles Lawes, and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle victor martinez bodybuilder the contest was a huge success and was sold strongest bodybuilder out and hundreds of physical culture enthusiasts were turned away. The trophy presented bodybuilder male escort to the winner was a bronze statue of Sandow himself sculpted by Frederick Pomeroy. become a bodybuilder The winner was William L. Murray of Nottingham, England. wrestling bodybuilders The most prestigious bodybuilding contest today is the Mr. Olympia, and since 1977, the winner has been presented bodybuilder chris duffy with the same bronze statue of Sandow he himself presented to the chinese bodybuilders winner at the first contest .
On 16 January, 1904, the male teenage bodybuilders first large-scale bodybuilding competition in America took place at Madison Square Garden in New York City. The winner bodybuilder galleries was Al Treloar and bodybuilders diet he was declared "The Most Perfectly Developed Man in the World". Treloar won a $1,000 cash prize, a substantial sum bodybuilders male at that time. Two weeks later, huge bodybuilder Thomas Edison made a film of Al Treloar's posing routine. Edison also hunk bodybuilders made two films of Sandow a few years before, making him the man bodybuilder derek anthony who made the first three motion pictures featuring a bodybuilder.
In the early 20th century, bodybuilder morph Bernarr Macfadden and Charles Atlas, continued to promote bodybuilding across the world. Alois P. Swoboda was an early pioneer in America and how to train to be a bodybuilder the man who Charles Atlas credited with his success in his tina lockwood bodybuilder statement: "Everything that I know I bodybuilder routine learned from A. P. (Alois) Swoboda"
Other important bodybuilders in the early history of bodybuilding prior lee priest bodybuilder to 1930 include: Earle Liederman (writer of some of the earliest bodybuilding instruction books), Seigmund Breitbart (famous Jewish bodybuilder), Georg Hackenschmidt, George bodybuilders male muscles F. Jowett, Kyle bodybuilders women Richards (one of the few Asian bodybuilders), Maxick (a pioneer in the art of posing), Monte Saldo, Launceston Elliot, Sig Klein, Sgt. bodybuilders workout Alfred Moss, Joe male art, bodybuilders Nordquist, Lionel Strongfort (Strongfortism), Gustav Fristensky (the Czech champion), and Alan C. Mead, who became an impressive muscle champion despite the fact that he black bodybuilder lost a leg in the Great carrie carmichael bodybuilder War.
The "Golden Age"
The period of around 1940 college bodybuilder to 1970 is often referred to as the "Golden Age" of bodybuilding because of changes in the aesthetic pictures of bodybuilders for more mass, as well as muscular symmetry and definition, which russian bodybuilder characterised the "early years". This was due in large part bodybuilder wrestling to the advent of World War II, which inspired many young men to be bigger, stronger bodybuilders in leather and more aggressive in their attitudes. This was accomplished by improved greg davis bodybuilder training techniques, better nutrition and more effective equipment. Several important publications came into being, as well, and new contests emerged stories women bodybuilder as the popularity of the sport grew.
This period of bodybuilding was typified at Muscle Beach in youngest bodybuilder Santa Monica, California, US. Famous names in bodybuilding from this period included bodybuilders diet plans Steve Reeves (notable in his day for portraying Hercules and other sword-and-sandals heroes), Reg Park, John amazon male black college bodybuilders Grimek, Larry Scott, and Bill Pearl.
The rise in biggest bodybuilder popularity of the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) added a bodybuilding classic bodybuilders competition to their existing weightlifting contest in 1939 - and the following year julia stamper bodybuilder this competition was named AAU Mr. America. Around the mid-1940s most bodybuilders became disgruntled amateur bodybuilders with the AAU since they only allowed amateur competitors and they placed more focus on big bodybuilders the Olympic sport of weightlifting. bodybuilder escorts This caused brothers Ben and Joe Weider to form the International Federation of BodyBuilders (IFBB) - which organised their competition IFBB bodybuilder legs video Mr. America, which was open to professional athletes.
In 1950, another organisation, the National Amateur Bodybuilders bodybuilder pics Association (NABBA) started their NABBA heather foster bodybuilder Mr. Universe contest in the UK. Another major contest, Mr. Olympia was first held in 1965 - and this is currently the male bodybuilder pictures most prestigious title in bodybuilding.
Initially contests were for men soy protein bodybuilders only, but the NABBA added Miss Universe in 1965 and Ms. Olympia was started in 1980. See Female bodybuilder babes bodybuilding history for more info.
Arnold Schwarzenegger on the DVD cover of the muscle woman bodybuilder bodybuilding documentary Pumping Iron
In the nate morton bodybuilder 1970s, bodybuilding had major publicity thanks to Arnold Schwarzenegger and the 1977 film Pumping Iron. By this time the IFBB dominated the sport natural bodybuilders and the AAU took a back seat.
The National Physique Committee (NPC) was formed nudist bodybuilders in 1981 by Jim Manion, who had just stepped down as chairman of the pictures of bodybuilders at 6 percent bodyfat AAU Physique Committee. The NPC has gone on to become the most successful bodybuilder gif bodybuilding organization in the U.S., and is the amateur division bodybuilder guage of the IFBB. The late 1980's bodybuilder mark dalton and early 1990's saw the decline of AAU sponsored bodybuilding contests. In 1999, the AAU voted to discontinue its bodybuilding events.
This period also bodybuilders pictures saw the rise of anabolic steroids abused both in bodybuilding and many other sports. To bruce patterson pro bodybuilder combat this, and to chinese bodybuilder be allowed to be an IOC member, the IFBB introduced strict doping tests for both steroids and other banned substances.
In 1990, ebony bodybuilder wrestling promotor Vince McMahon free pictures of black female bodybuilders announced he was forming a new bodybuilding organization, the World Bodybuilding Federation (WBF). McMahon wanted to german bodybuilders bring WWF-style showmanship and bigger prize money to the sport of bodybuilding. McMahon male bodybuilder posing signed 13 competitors to lucrative long-term contracts, military bodybuilders something virtually unheard of in bodybuilding up until then. Most of the WBF competitors jumped ship sean jones bodybuilder from the IFBB. In response to the WBF's formation, IFBB president Ben Weider blacklisted all the bodybuilder dexter jackson bodybuilders who had signed with the WBF. The IFBB also quietly stopped testing their athletes for bodybuilder pictures anabolic steroid use since it was difficult to compete thus with a new bruce patterson bodybuilder organization which did not test for steroids. In 1992, Vince McMahon instituted drug testing for WBF chris duffy bodybuilder athletes because hairy bodybuilders he and the WWF were under investigation by the federal government for alleged involvement in men bodybuilder anabolic steroid trafficking. The result was that the competitors in the 1992 WBF contest looked sub-par, according to some contemporary accounts. McMahon formally protein requirements for bodybuilders dissolved the WBF in July, 1992. Reasons for this steroid bodybuilder probably included lack of income from the pay-per-view broadcasts of the WBF contests, slow sales of the women bodybuilders pics WBF's bodybuilder babe magazine Bodybuilding Lifestyles (which later became WBF Magazine), and the expense of paying multiple 6-figure contracts as well bodybuilder hu as producing two TV shows and a monthly magazine. However, the formation of bodybuilder justin brooks the WBF had two positive effects for the IFBB athletes: (1) it caused IFBB founder Joe Weider to sign many bodybuilder male of his top stars to contracts, cartoon bodybuilder and (2) it caused the IFBB to raise free bodybuilder video prize money in its sanctioned contests. Joe Weider eventually offered to accept free videos of female bodybuilders the WBF bodybuilders back into the IFBB for a fine of 10% of their former hung bodybuilders yearly WBF salary.
In the early 2000's, the IFBB was attempting to make bodybuilding an Olympic sport. It obtained full IOC membership in 2000 massive bodybuilders and was attempting to get approved as a demonstration event at the professional super heavyweight bodybuilders Olympics which rachel mclish bodybuilder gallery would hopefully lead to it being added as a full contest. This did not happen. Olympic recognition for bodybuilding steve downs bodybuilder remains controversial since some argue that bodybuilding is not a sport because the actual contest does not involve athletic effort. autumn bodybuilder Also, some still have the misperception that bodybuilding necessarily involves the black woman bodybuilder use of anabolic steroids, which are prohibited in bobby lashley bodybuilder pics Olympic competitions. Proponents argue that the posing routine requires skill bodybuilder uk and preparation, and bodybuilding should therefore be considered a sport.
In 2003, Joe Weider sold Weider Publications to AMI, who college male bodybuilder owns The National Enquirer. Ben Weider is still the president of the IFBB. debbie bramwell bodybuilder In 2004, contest promoter Wayne DeMilia broke ranks with the IFBB and AMI took don peters bodybuilder over the promotion of the ebony bodybuilders Mr. Olympia contest.
As of 2006, there has been more interest in the field of natural bodybuilding. In natural contests bodybuilders are louise st pierre bodybuilder routinely tested for illegal substances and are banned for any violations from future contests. What qualifies malcolm marshall bodybuilder as an "illegal" substance, in the sense that male bodybuilder gallery it is prohibited by regulatory bodies, varies between natural federations, renee toney bodybuilder and does not necessarily include only substances that are illegal under the laws of the relevant sean cassidy bodybuilder jurisdiction.
In the 1970s women texas cowboy male bodybuilder began to take part in bodybuilding competitions. Extremely popular at first, the interest tokyo bodybuilder in the competitive side of female bodybuilding has waned sharply in recent years even though more women than ever ward bodybuilder are training with weights. In recent bodybuilder legs years, the related areas of fitness and figure competition have bodybuilder men gained in popularity, providing an alternative for women who choose not to develop the level of muscularity necessary for bodybuilding.
Bodybuilding also bodybuilder muscleman has many competition categories for young bodybuilder steroids entrants. There has been some controversy surrounding teenagers competing in bodybuilding, as critics argue the pressures bodybuilder vitamins for teens to resort to steroid use is much bodybuilders toronto higher, as their muscle development may not be fully matured yet. However, the sport cartoon bodybuilders does attract a fair amount of teenage competitors. czech bodybuilders It is a popular sport due to its emphasis on fitness.
For biographies of professional bodybuilders see list french bodybuilders of professional bodybuilders and Category:Professional bodybuilders
In competitive bodybuilding, bodybuilders aspire to develop and hgh for bodybuilders maintain an aesthetically pleasing (by bodybuilding standards) body and balanced japanese bodybuilder physique. The competitors show off their bodies by performing a number of poses - kovacs greg bodybuilder bodybuilders spend time practicing their posing routine as this has a large male bodybuilder galleries effect on how they are judged.
A bodybuilder's size and shape are far more male bodybuilders photos important than how much he or she can lift. The sport should therefore not be confused with strongman competition or robbie robinson bodybuilder powerlifting, where the main point shane minor bodybuilder is on actual physical strength, or with Olympic weightlifting, where the main sherry smith bodybuilder point is equally split between strength and technique. Though superficially similar to the casual biceps bodybuilders observer, the fields entail a different regimen of training, diet, and basic motivation.
The main organisation that promotes, black bodybuilder escorts funds, and judges bodybuilding competition is the International Federation of BodyBuilders. They organise bodybuilding's most prestigious competition bodybuilder biceps - Mr. Olympia.
The general strategy adopted by most present-day competitive bodybuilders is bodybuilder girlfriend to make muscle gains bodybuilder personals for most of the year (known as the "off-season") and approximately 3-4 months from competition attempt to lose body fat (referred to chris bennett bodybuilder as "cutting"). In doing this some muscle will be christine roth, bodybuilder lost but the aim is to keep this dave palumbo bodybuilder to a minimum. There are many approaches used but most involve reducing calorie intake and increasing cardio, dawn reihl bodybuilder while monitoring body fat percentage.
In the derek russo bodybuilder week leading up to a contest, bodybuilders will begin increasing their water intake so as to upregulate the systems in the body associated with water diet program for bodybuilders exotic bodybuilders flushing. They will also increase their sodium intake. At the same time they will decrease their carbohydrate consumption in an gauge bodybuilder attempt to "carb deplete". The goal during this week is to deplete the muscles of glycogen. Two guy bourgon bodybuilder days before the show, sodium intake is hung bodybuilder reduced by half, and then eliminated completely. The day before the show, water is removed from the diet, international bodybuilders of all time and diuretics may be introduced. At the same time carbohydrates are re-introduced jiri bodybuilder into the diet to expand the muscles. This is typically known as "carb-loading." The end result jocks bodybuilder is an ultra-lean bodybuilder with full junior bodybuilders hard muscles and a dry, vascular appearance.
Prior to performing korean bodybuilder on stage, bodybuilders will apply various products to their skin to improve their muscle definition - these morph bodybuilder include fake tan commonly called "pro tan" (to make the skin darker) and various oils nicole bass bodybuilder (to make the skin shiny). They will also use weights to "pump up" by posters of bodybuilders forcing blood to their muscles to improve size and vascularity.
In order to achieve muscle growth professional bodybuilders (hypertrophy), bodybuilders focus in three main lines of action:
- Resistance weight training
- Specialised nutrition, richard jones bodybuilder incorporating extra protein and supplements where necessary
- Adequate rest
Resistance weight training
ulisees williams jr bodybuilder
German Bodybuilder Markus Rühl posing in Biberach an der Riß.
Resistance weight training wrestling bodybuilder causes micro-tears to the muscles being trained; this is generally known as microtrauma. These micro-tears in the muscle contribute to the soreness aaron berg bodybuilder felt after exercise, called delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). bodybuilder arms It is the repair to these micro-trauma that result in muscle bodybuilder history steve reeves growth. Normally, this soreness becomes most apparent a bodybuilder photo day or two after a workout.
The high levels of muscle growth and bodybuilder photos repair achieved by bodybuilders require a specialised diet. Generally speaking, bodybuilders require between 500 to bodybuilder wendy mcmaster 1000 Calories (2000 to 4000 kilojoules) above their maintenance level bodybuilder woman of food energy while attempting to increase lean body mass. A sub-maintenance level of food energy is combined bodybuilder workout with cardiovascular exercise to lose body fat in preparation for a bodybuilders and pilates contest. The ratios of food energy from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats vary depending on the goals of the bodybuilder.
Bodybuilders usually bodybuilders wrestling split their food intake for the day into 5 to 7 meals dave nathan bodybuilder of roughly equal nutritional content and attempt to eat at regular intervals (normally between 2 david hughes bodybuilder and 3 hours). This is thought to allow greater availability of nutrients, dead bodybuilders and may also assist with fat loss. In theory, this process dennis newman bodybuilder is a mechanism for increasing basal metabolic rate when compared to less frequent meals that have domination of women bodybuilders the same caloric sum, but research jon huston bodybuilder has debunked this myth . However, frequent feeding is an effective method of controlling blood list of bodybuilders sugar levels, which in turn may have an effect male bodybuilder escorts on hunger, energy levels, and muscle growth.
Carbohydrates give the body energy to deal male bodybuilder video with the rigours of training and recovery. Bodybuilders seek out low-glycemic polysaccharides male bodybuilders video and other slowly-digesting carbohydrates, which release energy in a more stable fashion that high-glycemic sugars and starches. This michelle neil bodybuilder is important as high-glycemic carbohydrates cause a sharp insulin response, oldermen bodybuilder which places the body in a state where it is likely to store additional food energy picture of a bodybuilder at 6 percent as fat rather than muscle, and which can waste energy that should be directed towards muscle growth. However, bodybuilders frequently pro bodybuilders do ingest some quickly-digesting sugars (often in form of pure dextrose or recipes for bodybuilders maltodextrin) after a workout. This sarah dunlap bodybuilder may help to replenish glycogen stores within the muscle, and to stimulate muscle protein synthesis.
It is recommended that todd king bodybuilder bodybuilders receive 1 to 2 grams of protein per pound per day of black male bodybuilders pics body weight (2 to 5 g/kg) to help the body bodybuilder diet recover and build.
It is a widely debated topic, with many arguing that 1 gram bodybuilder johanna summers of protein per pound of body bodybuilder morphs weight is ideal, and others recommending 1.5 or 2. There is much debate concerning the best type bodybuilders diets of protein to take. Meat, fish, eggs and dairy foods are high in protein, as are some bodybuilders in jocks nuts, seeds, beans and lentils. Casein bodybuilders in underwear or whey are often used to supplement the diet with additional protein. Whey protein is the type of protein bodybuilders india contained in the most popular brands of protein supplements, and is preferred by many carlos rodriguez bodybuilder bodybuilders because of its high biological value. It is believed that cindy phillips bodybuilder protein needs to be consumed frequently throughout the day; however, the most important times for bodybuilders to crum bodybuilder consume protein are within 45 minutes of david dorsey bodybuilder a workout and before going to sleep.
The goal ercan demir bodybuilder for anyone wishing to optimize muscle building and minimize the storage of excess calories as body fat is fat bodybuilders to eat as perfectly as possible so free bodybuilder video clips that the body is provided a steady stream of nutrients, and so that blood sugar levels also remain steady. An important way to giant bodybuilders accomplish this goal, besides eating high gina davis bodybuilder quality foods, is to eat small multiple meals, (every 2 to 3 hours). Since there heather foster bodybuilder pics is only a very small amount of amino acid in the israeli bodybuilder bloodstream, to maintain an anabolic (muscle building) environment, complete proteins must be eaten with every meal. jana linke sippl bodybuilder It is the acute and large increase in the amount of amino joanne thomas bodybuilder acids in the blood that causes protein synthesis rates to increase as well leg workout routines for women bodybuilders as a decrease in protein breakdown.
Maintaining a positive nitrogen balance will prevent the body from male bodybuilders pictures dipping into its own male escort bodybuilder muscle tissue (catabolism) to get nutrients it needs (like protein). This is why it is important to eat five to six protein-containing meals per masters bodybuilders day, (one about every mpegs of woman bodybuilders two to three hours), to maintain a positive nitrogen balance, (which occurs from the breakdown of amino acids).
Eating small evenly spaced meals containing low npc bodybuilder GI carbohydrates helps to stabilize insulin levels. It may pictures of handsome bodybuilders also be easier on the digestive system. However one study tall women bodybuilders suggests that eating frequent smaller meals will not raise the metabolic rate, burn more calories, or result in timoney fernandez bodybuilder less body fat storage. 
The important role of ulisees williams bodybuilder nutrition in building muscle means bodybuilders may consume a wide variety of dietary supplements.  Commonly used products include: essential fatty acid; ulisses jr bodybuilder amino acids; vitamin and women bodybuilder galleries mineral formulations; glucosamine and/or chondroitin; MSM (methylsulfonylmethane); thermogenics and creatine. These products are women bodybuilder pics used in an effort to ensure adequate nutrition in an effort to gain women bodybuilders wrestling women bodybuilders additional size, though research on the effectiveness of the majority of such products remains to be seen.
Performance enhancing substances
Like most world's biggest bodybuilder sports, some bodybuilders choose to use anthony ceo bodybuilder drugs to gain an advantage over results due to natural hypertrophy, especially in professional competitions. Although many of these substances best bodybuilder photo are illegal in many countries, in professional bodybuilding the black male bodybuilder use of anabolic steroids and precursor substances such as prohormones are used in high level competitions. Most steroids bodybuilder and capture allow the human body to be in a more bodybuilder booty anabolic state. Some negative side-effects accompany steroid abuse, such as liver damage and a decline in the body's bodybuilder chat own testosterone bodybuilder chris cook production, which can cause testicular atrophy and possible infertility.
Growth Hormone (GH) and insulin are bodybuilder feet pics also used. GH is incredibly expensive compared to steroids, while insulin bodybuilder jay poison is very readily available yet fatal if misused. See Growth hormone treatment bodybuilder posing for bodybuilding.
Overtraining is generally regarded as one of the biggest and most common problems bodybuilders face. It bodybuilder thailand refers to when a bodybuilder has trained to the point where his workload bodybuilder wallpaper exceeds his recovery capacity. There are many reasons that classic british bodybuilders overtraining occurs, including lack of adequate nutrition, lack of recovery time between college bodybuilders workouts, insufficient sleep, and training at a high intensity for too long famous bodybuilders (a lack of periodisation). Training at a high intensity too frequently also stimulates the central nervous system (CNS) too frequently, and can result famous harris seattle bodybuilder in a hyper-adrenergic state that interferes with sleep patterns. To avoid overtraining, intense gary strydom bodybuilder frequent training must high protein bodybuilders diet be met with at least an equal amount of purposeful recovery. Timely provision of carbohydrates, proteins, and various micronutrients such as indian bodybuilder vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals, indian bodybuilders even nutritional supplements are acutely critical.
It has been argued that overtraining can be beneficial. One intermediate bodybuilders article published by Muscle & Fitness magazine stated that you can "Overtrain for Big Gains" . It suggested that if one john kessler bodybuilder is planning a restful holiday kevin ross bodybuilder and they do not wish to inhibit their bodybuilding lifestyle too much, they kristy hawkins bodybuilder should overtrain before taking the holiday, so the body can rest easily and recuperate and grow.
More commonly however, overtraining can be used land of venus bodybuilder advantageously, as when a bodybuilder is purposely overtrained for a brief period of time to lebian bodybuilders super compensate during a lionel rangel bodybuilder regeneration phase. These are known as "shock micro-cycles" and were a key training technique used by Soviet athletes. The vast amount of massive bodybuilder overtraining that nimrod king bodybuilder occurs in average bodybuilders however, is generally unplanned and completely unnecessary.
Although muscle noah steere bodybuilder stimulation occurs in the gym lifting weights, muscle growth occurs afterward during rest. Without older male bodybuilder adequate rest and sleep, muscles do not have an opportunity to recover and build. About eight hours of sleep a night is desirable phil grueber bodybuilder for the bodybuilder to be refreshed, although this varies phillip rodriguez bodybuilder from person to person. Additionally, rodriguez bodybuilder many athletes find a daytime nap further increases their body's ability to build muscle.
For a list of words used in bodybuilding, see the should bodybuilders drink distilled water Bodybuilding category of words in Wiktionary, the free sippl bodybuilder dictionary
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- ^ Philen uncut bodybuilders RM, Ortiz DI, Auerbach SB, Falk H (1992). "Survey of advertising for nutritional supplements in vintage bodybuilders health and bodybuilding magazines". JAMA 268 (8): 1008-11. PMID 1501305.
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